Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Scale-up studies of an Fe/Cr redox flow battery based on shunt current analysis

Abstract

Scale-up studies of a 0.7 kW single stack redox flow battery to a 2.1 kW three-stack assembly based on shunt current analysis are presented. The influence of the shunt-dependant design parameters on the energy efficiency of the system has been analysed for a single stack battery. Scale-up studies have been carried out in order to achieve energy efficiency in the three-stack assembly similar to that obtained for the single-stack system. The influence of the length of the hydraulic interconnection of the stacks and the assembly current on energy efficiency has been analysed. A shunt current calculation model for a three-stack assembly has been developed.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. [1]

    M. Bartolozzi,J. Power Sources 27 (1989) 219.

  2. [2]

    D. Pletcher, in ‘Industrial Electrochemistry,’ (edited by ...) Chapman & Hall, London (1982) p. 88.

  3. [3]

    K. Kanari, K. Nozaki and T. Ozawa, in ‘AIChE Symposium Series, Electrochemical Applications’ (edited by R. E. White, R. F. Savinell and A. Schneider), Vol. 83 (1987) p. 104.

  4. [4]

    P. R. Prokopius, NASA TM X-3359 (1976).

  5. [5]

    M. A. Hoberecht, DeE/NASA/12726-7, NASA TM-82598 (1981).

  6. [6]

    D. A. Johnson and M. A. Reid,J. Electrochem. Soc. 132 (1985) 1058.

  7. [7]

    C. Y. Yang,J. Appl. Electrochem. 12 (1982) 425.

  8. [8]

    D. Sh. Cheng and E. Hollax,J. Electrochem. Soc. 132 (1985) 269.

  9. [9]

    C. D. Wu, D. A. Scherson, E. J. Calvo, E. B. Yenger and M. A. Reid,133 (1986) 2109.

  10. [10]

    M. Lopez-Atalaya, G. Codina, J. R. Perez, M. A. Climent, J. L. Vazquez and A. Aldaz,J. Power Sources 35 (1991) 225.

  11. [11]

    A. Rodes, A. Aldaz, P. Garces and M. A. Climent,Bull. Electrochem. 5 (1989) 129.

  12. [12]

    G. Codina, M. Lopez-Atalaya, J. L. Vazquez, A. Aldaz and P. Garces,5 (1989) 645.

  13. [13]

    D. A. Aikens and J. W. Ross,J. Phys. Chem. 65 (1965) 1213.

  14. [14]

    G. H. Kelsall, C. J. House and F. P. GudyangaJ. Electroanal. Chem. 244 (1988) 179.

  15. [15]

    R. E. Hamm and C. M. Shull,J. Am. Chem. Soc. 73 (1951) 1240.

  16. [16]

    R. F. Gahn, N. H. Hagedorn and J. A. Johnson, DoE/NASA/121726-25, NASA TM-87034 (1985).

  17. [17]

    N. Hagedorn, M. A. Hoberecht and L. H. Thaller, DoE/NASA/12726-11. NASA TM-82686 (1986).

  18. [18]

    E. A. Kaminski and R. F. Savinell,J. Electrochem. Soc. 130 (1983) 1103.

  19. [19]

    P. G. Grimes, R. J. Bellows and M. Zahn, in ‘Electrochemical Cell Design’ (edited by R. E. White), Plenum, New York (1984) p. 259.

  20. [20]

    P. Grimes and R. J. Bellows, in (edited by R. E. White), Plenum, New York (1984) p. 277.

  21. [21]

    J. W. Holmes and R. E. White, in, p. 311.

  22. [22]

    R. E. White, C. W. Walton, H. S. Burney and R. W. Beaver,J. Electrochem. Soc. 133 (1986) 485.

  23. [23]

    S. Szpak, C. J. Gabriel and J. R. Driscoll,131 (1984) 1996.

  24. [24]

    M. Katz,125 (1978) 515.

  25. [25]

    A. F. Kuhn and J. S. Booth,J. Appl. Electrochem. 10 (1980) 233.

  26. [26]

    H. S. Burney and R. E. White,J. Electrochem. Soc. 135 (1988) 1609.

  27. [27]

    S. Szpak, C. J. Gabriel, J. J. Smith and J. R. Driscoll,137 (1990) 849.

  28. [28]

    C. Froberg, in ‘Introduction to Numerical Analysis’, Adison-Wesley, New York (1969) p. 112.

Download references

Author information

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Codina, G., Aldaz, A. Scale-up studies of an Fe/Cr redox flow battery based on shunt current analysis. J Appl Electrochem 22, 668–674 (1992). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01092617

Download citation

Keywords

  • Physical Chemistry
  • Energy Efficiency
  • Calculation Model
  • Design Parameter
  • Current Analysis