Plant Foods for Human Nutrition

, Volume 45, Issue 1, pp 71–80 | Cite as

Nitrate and vitamin C from fruits and vegetables: Impact of intake variations on nitrate and nitrite excretions of humans

  • C. Bednar
  • C. Kies


The objective of the study was to determine nitrate + nitrite excretions of human subjects fed variable amounts of nitrates and nitrites and vitamin C from fruits and vegetables. During four, randomly-arranged experimental periods of seven days each, the 12 apparently healthy, adult human subjects consumed laboratory controlled, constant, diets which were systematically varied in kinds of fruits and vegetable to provide the four following variations: 414 mg nitrate + nitrite and 23 mg vitamin C, 412 mg nitrate + nitrite and 177 mg vitamin C, 23 mg nitrate + nitrite and 39 mg vitamin C, and 21 mg nitrate + nitrite and 193 mg vitamin C per subject per day, respectively. Subjects made complete collections of urine and stools throughout the study. Regardless of type of experimental diet fed, no nitrates and nitrites were detected in the feces. Urinary excretion of nitrate + nitrite was significantly greater at the higher levels of nitrate + nitrite intake than at the lower intake levels. Increased intake of vitamin C at either level of nitrate + nitrite intake resulted in apparent decreased urinary excretions of nitrite + nitrate.

Key words

Nitrate Nitrite Ascorbic acid 


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. Bednar
    • 1
  • C. Kies
    • 2
  1. 1.The Texas Woman's UniversityDentonUSA
  2. 2.Dept. of Nutritional Science and DieteticsUniversity of Nebraska-LincolnLincolnUSA

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