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Lipid composition of lesser known tropical seeds

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Abstract

The lipid content and fatty acid profiles of four lesser known tropical seeds,Piper guineense, Chrysophyllum albidum, Garcinia kola andDennettia tripetala, were determined. The total lipid content (g/kg dry weight) ranged between 31.8 and 68.9. The ranges of values for neutral lipids, triacylglycerol of neutral lipids, glycolipids and phospholipids were 17.3–58.0, 15.0–49.6, 3.0–7.2 and 3.7–11.2, respectively. The fatty acid profiles showed variation among different seeds. All the seeds contained substantial amounts of unsaturated fatty acids. Oleic and linoleic acids were the most abundant fatty acids.Dennettia tripetala andPiper guineense also contained moderate amounts of linolenic acid.

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Essien, E.U., Esenowo, G.J. & Akpanabiatu, M.I. Lipid composition of lesser known tropical seeds. Plant Food Hum Nutr 48, 135–140 (1995). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01088309

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Key words

  • Essential fatty acid contents
  • Fatty acid profiles
  • Lesser known tropical seeds