Significance of the pyroxene chemistry from leucite-bearing and related assemblages

  • A. Cundari
  • A. K. Ferguson


The mineral chemistry of the pyroxene from representative suites of leucite-bearing and related assemblages occurring in south-west Uganda, Roman Region, Australia and Antarctica is considered in terms of some serial characteristics of the host rocks. The pyroxene compositions show distinct and systematic chemical variations, which are evaluated in terms of the ratios Ti/Al and (2−Si)/Al=Td, calculated from the structural formula. Both ratios generally increase from early- to late-crystallized pyroxene compositions but the variations are typical of individual rock series and depend on the level of alkalinity of the host rocks, i.e. (Na+K)/Al and the pressure under which the pyroxene crystallized. Low Ti/Al and Td values result largely from the influence of pressure, while Ti/Al>0.5 and Td>1.0 reflect the chemistry of the host rock, particulary in terms of high (Na+K)/Al ratio. Some experimental data bearing on the genetic interpretation of the pyroxene chemistry from the above assemblages are reappraised.


Alkalinity Host Rock Structural Formula Systematic Chemical Mineral Chemistry 
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Zur Bedeutung des Pyroxen-Chemismus in Leuzit-führenden und verwandten Gesteinen


Die Mineralchemie des Pyroxens aus repräsentativen Leuzit-führenden und verwandten Gesteinen in Südwest-Uganda, in der Romana, in Australien und in der Antarktis steht in Beziehung zur Charakteristik der Muttergesteine. Die Zusammensetzungen der Pyroxene zeigen klare und systematische chemische Variationen, die auf der Basis der aus der Strukturformel berechneten Verhältniszahlen Ti/Al und (2-Si)/Al=Td bewertet werden. Beide Verhältniszahlen nehmen grundsätzlich von früh- zu spätkristallisierten Pyroxenen zu, jedoch sind diese Variationen typisch für bestimmte Gesteinsserien und abhängig vom Grad der Alkalinität des Muttergesteins, d.h. (Na+K)/Al und vom Druck unter dem der Pyroxen kristallisierte. Niedrige Ti/Al und Td-Werte resultieren vor allem aus dem Einfluß des Druckes, während Ti/Al>0,5 und Td>1,0 die chemische Zusammensetzung des Muttergesteins reflektieren, besonders im Hinblick auf hohe Na+K/Al-Verhältnisse. Einige experimentelle Daten zur genetischen Interpretation des Pyroxen-Chemismus aus den oben genannten Vorkommen werden im Lichte dieser neuen Ergebnisse betrachtet.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Cundari
    • 1
    • 2
  • A. K. Ferguson
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of GeologyUniversity of MelbourneParkvilleAustralia
  2. 2.Broken Hill Proprietary Company LimitedMelbourneAustralia

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