Applied Physics B

, Volume 61, Issue 3, pp 223–242 | Cite as

Models, predictions, and experimental measurements of far-infrared NH3-laser dynamics and comparisons with the Lorenz-Haken model

  • C. O. Weiss
  • R. Vilaseca
  • N. B. Abraham
  • R. Corbalán
  • E. Roldán
  • G. J. de Valcárcel
  • J. Pujol
  • U. Hübner
  • D. Y. Tang
Invited Paper


Dynamics of the intensity and optical field amplitude of a coherently pumped far-infrared NH3-laser are measured and characterized. The experimental findings in certain parameter ranges closely follow the dynamics of the Lorenz model and its generalization for laser systems. Similarities and some specific differences are found in geometrical or statistical characterizations of the attractors. The experimental results are also consistent with the results of a model of optically pumped three-level lasers which takes into account the presence of a multiplicity of velocity groups as well as three-level coherence effects. For a certain region in parameter space, this far more complex model with a much larger phase space produces results similar to the dynamics of the Lorenz model. The model also provides explanations of differences between the experimental results and results from the Lorenz model.


42.60.Mi 05.45.tb 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. O. Weiss
    • 1
  • R. Vilaseca
    • 2
  • N. B. Abraham
    • 3
  • R. Corbalán
    • 4
  • E. Roldán
    • 5
  • G. J. de Valcárcel
    • 6
  • J. Pujol
    • 7
  • U. Hübner
    • 1
  • D. Y. Tang
    • 8
  1. 1.Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt, Lab. 4.42BraunschweigGermany
  2. 2.Departament de Fisica i E.N.Universitat Politècnica de CatalunyaTerrassa (Barcelona)Spain
  3. 3.Department of PhysicsBryn Mawr CollegeBryn MawrUSA
  4. 4.Departament de FísicaUniversitat Autònoma de BarcelonaBellaterraSpain
  5. 5.Departament d'OpticaUniversitat de ValènciaBurjassotSpain
  6. 6.Departament de Física AplicadaUniversitat Politècnica de ValènciaValènciaSpain
  7. 7.Departament d'Optica i OptometriaUniversitat Politècnica de CatalunyaTerrassa (Barcelona)Spain
  8. 8.Department of PhysicsUniversity QueenslandAustralia

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