We have investigated the increase of efficiency for high-order anti-Stokes Raman scattering using a cryogenic Raman cell. By cooling the cell to liquid-nitrogen temperature, output energies of the 9th-order anti-Stokes wave at 133 nm in normal hydrogen were enhanced by a factor of 10, and the 11th-order anti-Stokes line at 141 nm in normal deuterium appeared, while no output was observed at room temperature. No output energy enhancement, however, was obtained using cooled para-hydrogen as a result of multiple rotational Raman scattering. For long-term operation, the output window surface of the Raman cell was kept at above 200 K in order to protect it from deposition, the absorption of which is detrimental to VUV transmission.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Price includes VAT for USA
Subscribe to journal
Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.
This is the net price. Taxes to be calculated in checkout.
R.L. Byer: IEEE J. QE-6, 732 (1976)
P. Rabinowitz, A. Stein, R. Brickman, A. Kaldor: Appl. Phys. Lett.35, 739 (1979)
K. Midoikawa, H. Tashiro, Y. Aoki, K. Ohashi, K. Nagasaka, K. Toyoda, S. Namba: J. Appl. Phys.57, 1504 (1985)
D. Brink, D. Proch: Opt. Lett.7, 494 (1982)
H.F. Döbele, M. Hörl, M. Röwekamp: Appl. Phys. B42, 67 (1987)
H. Wallmeier, H. Zacharias: Appl. Phys. B45, 263 (1988)
V. Schulz-von der Gathen, T. Bornemann, V. Kornas, H.F. Döbele: IEEE. J. QE-26, 739 (1990)
S. Wada, A. Kasai, H. Tashiro: Opt. Lett.17, 97 (1992)
H. Moriwaki, S. Wada, H. Tashiro, K. Toyoda, A. Kasai, A. Nakamura: J. Appl. Phys.74, 2175 (1993)
G.W. Faris, M.J. Dyer: J. Opt. Soc. Am.10, 2273 (1993)
M. Spaan, A. Goehlich, V. Schulz-von der Gathen, H.F. Döbele: Appl. Opt.33, 3865 (1994)
K.D. van den Hout, P.W. Hermans, E. Mazur, H.F.P. Knaap: Physica. A104, 509 (1980)
W.K. Bischel, M.J. Dyer: Phys. Rev. A33, 3113 (1986)
D.K. Veirs, G.M. Rosenblatt: J. Mol. Spectrosc.121, 401 (1987)
About this article
Cite this article
Moriwaki, H., Nakamura, A., Wada, S. et al. Efficient vacuum-ultraviolet generation by anti-Stokes Raman scattering using a cryogenic Raman cell. Appl. Phys. B 61, 319–323 (1995). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01081530