Applied Physics B

, Volume 59, Issue 2, pp 167–178

Cesium saturation spectroscopy revisited: How to reverse peaks and observe narrow resonances

  • O. Schmidt
  • K. -M. Knaak
  • R. Wynands
  • D. Meschede
Invited Papers


The complex magnetic structure of the cesium atom is responsible for the interesting behaviour of its saturated absorption spectra, e.g., a two-fold sign reversal of a crossover resonance, under various polarization configurations with and without applied magnetic fields. We show that this morphology is a result of optical pumping processes including coherent population trapping which, under normal laboratory conditions, prevent the atoms from reaching an equilibrium situation. Our interpretation is useful for an intuitive and rapid understanding of this important tool in high-resolution spectroscopy.


32.80.Bx 42.65. Ft 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    W. Happer: Rev. Mod. Phys.44, 169 (1972)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    W. Happer, W.A. van Wijngaarden: Hyperfine Interactions38, 435 (1987)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    C. Cohen-Tannoudji:Frontiers in Laser Spectroscopy, ed. by R. Balian, S. Haroche, S. Liberman, Vol. 1 (North-Holland, Amsterdam 1977) p. 3Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    M. Pinard, C.G. Arimoff, F. Laloë: Phys. Rev. A19, 2366 (1979)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    M.S. Feld, M.M. Burns, T.U. Kühl, P.G. Pappas, D.E. Murnick: Opt. Lett.5, 79 (1980)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    H. Rinneberg, T. Huhle, E. Matthias, A. Timmermann: Z. Phys. A295, 17 (1980)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    M.D. Levenson, S.S. Kano:Introduction to Nonlinear Laser Spectroscopy, 2nd edn. (Academic, London 1988)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    S. Nakayama: Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.24, 1 (1985) and references thereinGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    B. Dahmani, L. Hollberg, R. Drullinger: Opt. Lett.12, 876 (1989)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    H. Li, H.R. Telle: IEEE J. QE-25, 257 (1989)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    K.B. MacAdam, A. Steinbach, C.E. Wieman: Am. J. Phys.60, 1098 (1992)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    G. Meisel, K.C. Harvey, A.L. Schawlow: Bull. Am. Phys. Soc.19, 580 (1974)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    R. Grimm, J. Mlynek: Appl. Phys. B49, 179 (1989)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    A.M. Akulshin, V.L. Velichansky, R.G. Gamidov, A.P. Kazantsev, V.A. Sautenkov, G.I. Surdotovich, V.P. Yakovlev: (FIAN, Moscow 1989) Preprint 122Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    A.M. Akulshin, A.A. Celikov, V.L. Velichansky: Opt. Commun.84, 139 (1991)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    M. Ohtsu, K. Nakagawa, M. Kourogi, W. Wang: J. Appl. Phys.73, R1 (1993)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    J.E. Thomas, W.W. Quiver, Jr.: Phys. Rev. A22, 2115 (1980)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    E. Arimondo, G. Orriols: Il Nuovo Cimento17, 333 (1976)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    G. Alzetta, A. Gozzini, L. Moi, G. Orriols: Il Nuovo Cimento36 B, 5 (1976)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    G. Alzetta, L. Moi, G. Orriols: Il Nuovo Cimento52 B, 209 (1979)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    A. Aspect, E. Arimondo, R. Kaiser, N. Vansteenkiste, C. Cohen-Tannoudji: Phys. Rev. Lett.61, 826 (1988)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • O. Schmidt
    • 1
  • K. -M. Knaak
    • 1
  • R. Wynands
    • 1
  • D. Meschede
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut für QuantenoptikUniversität HannoverHannoverGermany

Personalised recommendations