Advertisement

Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Fertilizer nitrogen balance study on sandy loam with winter wheat

Abstract

The uptake of labelled nitrate was studied under field conditions using a sandy loam soil and winter wheat as the crop. Thirty per cent of the added labelled nitrate was found in the grain, 13% in the straw plus chaff and only 2% in the harvested roots. The labelled nitrogen in the plant comprised about 6% of labelled fertilizer origin, and about 94% from the soil. By analysing the soil after harvest, it was shown that 16% of the fertilizer nitrogen was in the 0–6 cm layer, 19% in the 6–12 cm layer, 6% in the 12–25 cm layer and 5% in the 25–50 cm layer. This means a total residual fertilizer nitrogen of 46%. A study was made of the border effect by analysing the plants of the first and second row around the fertilized plot. The results show that the plants of the first row took up 1.4% of the added fertilizer and those of the second row only 0.4%. The total recovery of the added fertilizer in soil and plant was 93.1%, indicating that 6.9% was lost under conventional cultivation practice.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. 1.

    Behaeghe T, Traets J and Pauwels R (1978) Jaaroverzichten weerkundige waarnemingen te Melle. Fac. Landbouwwetenschappen, RUG, Gent

  2. 2.

    Bremner JM (1965) Isotope-ratio analysis of nitrogen in nitrogen-15 tracer investigations. In Black CA (ed.) Methods of soil analysis, part 2, Agronomy 9, pp 1256–1286. Madison, Wisc.: American Society of Agronomy

  3. 3.

    Bremner JM (1965) Total nitrogen. In Black CA (ed.) Methods of soil analysis, part 2, Agronomy 9, 1149–1176. Madison, Wisc.: American Society of Agronomy.

  4. 4.

    Bremner JM and Blackmer AM (1978) Nitrous oxide: emission from soils during nitrification of fertilizer nitrogen. Science 199, 295–296

  5. 5.

    Burford JR and Stefanson RC (1973) Measurement of gaseous losses of nitrogen from soils. Soil Biol Biochem 5, 133–141

  6. 6.

    Chichester FW and Smith SJ (1978) Disposition of15N-labelled fertilizer nitrate applied during corn culture in field lysimeters. J Envir Qual 7, 227–233

  7. 7.

    De Leenheer L and Van Ruymbeke M (1976) L'assimilation de N et K par le froment d'hiver (CAMA) à la floraison et la récolte (1969–1974); relations entre ces données et restitution de potasse au sol, tenant compte de la fumure organique et des circonstances météorologiques. Proc 4th Int Coll Control Plant Nutrition, Gent 1, 431–441

  8. 8.

    Dowdell RJ and Webster CP (1980) A lysimeter study using nitrogen-15 on the uptake of fertilizer nitrogen by perennial ryegrass swards and losses by leaching. J Soil Sci 31, 65–75

  9. 9.

    Hauck RD and Bremner JM (1976) Use of tracer for soil and fertilizer nitrogen research. Adv Agron 28, 219–266

  10. 10.

    Haunold E (1979) Stickstoffbilanz zur Zuckerrübe. Die Bodenkultur 30, 134–143

  11. 11.

    Hofman G, Ossemerct C, Van Cleemput O, Ide G and Van Ruymbeke M (1979) L'avis de fumure azoté pour betterave sucrière basé sur le reliquat azoté du profil à la fin de l'hiver est prometteur. Inst. Belge Amelior Betterave 4, 195–210

  12. 12.

    Kissel DE and Smith SJ (1978) Fate of fertilizer nitrate applied to coastal Bermuda grass on a swelling clay soil. Soil Sci Soc Am J 42, 77–88

  13. 13.

    Legg JO, Stanford G and Bennett OL (1979) Utilization of labeled-N fertilizer by silage corn under conventional and no-till culture. Agron J 71, 1009–1015

  14. 14.

    Riga A, Fischer V and Van Praag HJ (1980) Fate of fertilizer nitrogen applied to winter wheat as Na15 NO3 and (15NH4) SO4 studied in microplots through a four course rotation: 1. Influence of fertilizer splitting on soil and fertilizer nitrogen. Soil Sci 130, 88–99

  15. 15.

    Skarlou V, Papanicolaou E and Nobeli C (1979) Fertilizer utilization studies in cotton using15N and32P labelled fertilizers. J Agric Sci 93, 371–376

  16. 16.

    Tiedje JM (1978) Denitrification in soil. In: Microbiology. American Society of Microbiology, pp 362–366

  17. 17.

    Van Cleemput O and Baert L (1980) Recovery and balance of field applied nitrate. Pedologie 30, 309–321

  18. 18.

    Van Cleemput O, Baert L and Ossemerct C (1977) Field study of the fate of15N labelled nitrate. Med Fac Landbouww Rijksuniv Gent 42, 2037–2043

  19. 19.

    Westerman RL and Kurtz LT (1974) Isotopic and non isotopic estimations of fertilizer nitrogen uptake by Sudan grass in field experiments. Soil Sci Soc Am Proc 38, 107–109

  20. 20.

    Westerman RL, Kurtz LT and Hauck RD (1972) Recovery of15N-labelled fertilizers in field experiments. Soil Sci Soc Am Proc 36, 82–86

Download references

Author information

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Van Cleemput, O., Hofman, G. & Baert, L. Fertilizer nitrogen balance study on sandy loam with winter wheat. Fertilizer Research 2, 119–126 (1981). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01080098

Download citation

Key words

  • nitrate nitrogen
  • fertilizer efficiency
  • labelled nitrate
  • winter wheat
  • sandy loam
  • nitrogen balance