Bulletin of Volcanology

, Volume 49, Issue 4, pp 608–615 | Cite as

The 1538 Monte Nuovo eruption (Campi Flegrei, Italy)

  • Mauro Di Vito
  • Lucio Lirer
  • Giuseppe Mastrolorenzo
  • Giuseppe Rolandi
Article

Abstract

On 29 September 1538 a week-long eruption began in Campi Flegrei forming a new volcano, Monte Nuovo. From contemporary accounts of the eruption, it has been possible to reconstruct the main phases of activity. These phases may be correlated with different depositional units identified in the field. The eruption opened with a hydromagmatic phase, during which a large amount of external water (meteoric or sea water) was able to interact with the magma. The exhaustion of the water supply and decrease in volatile content initiated a change in the dynamic conditions of eruption, which became more purely magmatic in character and less explosive.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Casertano L (1972) Le eruzioni oblique del Monte Nuovo. Riv Ital Geofis 21:177–189Google Scholar
  2. Cinque A, Rolandi G, Zamparelli V (1985) L'estensione dei depositi marini olocenici nei Campi Flegrei in relazione alla vulcano-tettonica. Boll Soc Geol It 104:327–348Google Scholar
  3. Crandell DR (1971) Postglacial lahars from Mount Rainier Volcano, Washington USGS, Prof Pap 677:1–75Google Scholar
  4. da Toledo PG (1539) Letter published in Hamilton (1776) p 75Google Scholar
  5. delli Falconi MA (1538) Del'incendio di Puzzuolo. Marco Antonio delli Falconi all'illustrissima Signora Marchessa della Padula nel MDXXXVIII. Published in Hamilton (1776) p 70Google Scholar
  6. del Nero F (1538) A letter to Niccolo del Benino on the earthquake at Pozzuoli by which the Monte Nuovo was formed in 1538. Published in Lobley (1889) pp 368 and in German in the Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie, of Leonhard and Brown, 1846Google Scholar
  7. Hamilton W (1776) Campi Flegrei observations on the volicanos of the two Sicilies, P de Fabris (ed) NaplesGoogle Scholar
  8. Lyell C (1872) Principles of Geology, Vol II, 11th Edn (John Murray, London)Google Scholar
  9. Lobley JL (1889) Mount Vesuvius. A descriptive, historical, and geological account of the volcano and its surroundings. Roper and Drowley. II Ludgate Hill, LondonGoogle Scholar
  10. Marchesino F (1538) Copia de una lettera di Napoli che contiene li stupendi et gran prodigj apparsi sopra a Pozzolo. From Parascandola (1946)Google Scholar
  11. Parascandola (1946) Il Monte Nuovo e il Lago Lucrino. Boll Soc Nat 55:173–175Google Scholar
  12. Simone Porzio (1551) De conflagrazione Agri Puteolani Simoni Portii Neapolitani Epistola. Simoni Portii Opera, Flor. Published in English in Lobley (1889)Google Scholar
  13. Walker GPL (1971) Grain size characteristics of pyroclastic deposits. J Geol 79:696–714Google Scholar
  14. Walker GPL (1983) Ignimbrite types and ignimbrite problems. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 17:65–88Google Scholar
  15. Wilson L, Sparks RSJ, Hurng TC, Watkings ND (1978) The control of volcanic column heights by eruption energetics and dynamics. J Geophys Res 83:1829–1836Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mauro Di Vito
    • 1
  • Lucio Lirer
    • 2
  • Giuseppe Mastrolorenzo
    • 2
  • Giuseppe Rolandi
    • 2
  1. 1.Geological section of the Ministero della Protezione CivileNapoliItaly
  2. 2.Dipartimento di Geofisica e VulcanologiaUniversitá degli Studi di NapoliNapoliItaly

Personalised recommendations