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Journal of Neuro-Oncology

, Volume 24, Issue 2, pp 143–152 | Cite as

Tissue distribution of methotrexate following administration as a solution and as a magnetic microsphere conjugate in rats bearing brain tumors

  • Damayanthi Devineni
  • Andres Klein-Szanto
  • James M. Gallo
Laboratory Investigation

Summary

A novel magnetic microsphere-methotrexate (MM-MTX) drug delivery system was synthesized and evaluated in rats bearing rat glioma-2 (RG-2) tumors. Methotrexate was linked to the surface of the magnetic particle via an aminohexanol linker that would release free drug following hydrolysis. Male Fischer 344 rats bearing RG-2 tumors were administered 3 mg/kg of methotrexate (MTX) either as MM-MTX or as a solution (MTXS) over 5 min. A 6000 gauss magnetic field was applied for 15 min from the end of MM-MTX administrations. Serial sacrifices were conducted at 15 min, 30 min and 45 min after drug administrations, organs collected, and analyzed for total MTX by a radioassay. At all times, MTX right brain (ipsilateral), brain tumor, and left brain concentrations were approximately 3.5 to 5-fold greater in the MM-MTX group compared to the MTX-S group. MTX concentrations in all other organs were less following administration of MM-MTX than MTX-S except in lung at 30 and 45 min. The targeting efficacy, an index for site-specificity, for both MM-MTX and MTX-S were similar and indicated some enhancement in MTX localization in brain tumor. Confocal and conventional light microscopic analyses demonstrated a diffuse distribution of MM-MTX in tumor consistent with extravascular uptake, whereas a predominant capillary distribution of MM-MTX was observed in normal brain. Following 45 min, the animals treated with MM-MTX died possibly due to redistribution of particles to the lung. This toxicity was dose-dependent. High brain MTX concentrations coupled with extravascular uptake of MM-MTX provide a basis for further investigations with this novel drug delivery system.

Key words

drug delivery extravascular transport 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Damayanthi Devineni
    • 1
  • Andres Klein-Szanto
    • 1
  • James M. Gallo
    • 1
  1. 1.Fox Chase Cancer CenterPhiladelphiaUSA

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