The first and rate limiting step in the conversion of alpha-linolenic acid is catalyzed by the delta-6-desaturase enzyme. The activity of such an enzyme was studied in order to investigate the n-3 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acid biogenesis during hypertension. Rat isolated hepatocyte n-3 delta-6-desaturase activity was higher in 1 month old Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats — prehypertensive period- as compared to normotensive Wistar Kyoto rats, whereas there was no significant difference at 12 months — hypertensive period-. Our data indicate no correlation between the directly measured enzyme activity and the changes in hepatocyte n-3 fatty acid compositions. The loss of hepatocyte n-3 delta-6-desaturase activity in the Spontaneously Hypertensive Rat may be a key factor in the evolution of hypertension related to aging through altering the eicosanoid balance.
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Narce, M., Asdrubal, P., Delachambre, M. et al. Influence of spontaneous hypertension on n-3 delta-6-desaturase activity and fatty acid composition of rat hepatocytes. Mol Cell Biochem 152, 7–12 (1995). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01076458
- essential fatty acids