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Immunocytochemical evidence for a peroxisomal localization of manganese superoxide dismutase in leaf protoplasts from a higher plant

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Abstract

The controversial question of the intracellular location of manganese-containing superoxide dismutase in higher plants was examined under a new experimental approach by applying the more rigorous and specific methods of immunocytochemistry to protoplasts isolated fromPisum sativum L. leaves. Manganese superoxide dismutase (EC 1.15.1.1) was purified to homogeneity from 15 kg of leaves ofPisum sativum L. Rabbits were immunized with the mangano enzyme and the antibody specific for pea manganese superoxide dismutase was purified and found not to contain antigenic sites in common with (i) human manganese superoxide dismutase, (ii) iron superoxide dismutase from eitherEscherichia coli or higher plants, or (iii) plant or animal cuprozinc-superoxide dismutase.Pisum sativum L. manganese superoxide dismutase only appears to have antigenic determinants similar to other manganese superoxide dismutases from higher land plants. The antibody to pea Mn-superoxide dismutase was used to locate the enzyme in protoplasts isolated from young pea leaves by indirect immunofluorescence, and by electron microscopy using the unlabelled antibody peroxidase-antiperoxidase method. Results from immunofluorescence showed that chloroplasts were devoid of specific fluorescence which appeared scattered over the cytosolic spaces among chloroplasts, and demonstrate the absence of manganese superoxide dismutase inside chloroplasts. The metalloenzyme was found to be localized only in peroxisomes, whereas mitochondria, the traditionally accepted site for this enzyme in many eukaryotic organisms, did not show any specific staining. The possible subcellular roles of manganese superoxide dismutase inPisum sativum L. leaves are discussed in the light of its peroxisomal location.

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Abbreviations

EGS:

ethyldimethylaminopropyl carbodiimide/glutaraldehyde/saponin

FITC:

fluorescein isothiocyanate

IgG:

immunoglobulin G

SOD:

superoxide dismutase

Mn-SOD:

manganese-containing superoxide dismutase

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Correspondence to Luis A. del Río.

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del Río, L.A., Lyon, D.S., Olah, I. et al. Immunocytochemical evidence for a peroxisomal localization of manganese superoxide dismutase in leaf protoplasts from a higher plant. Planta 158, 216–224 (1983). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01075257

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Key words

  • Manganese
  • Peroxisome
  • Pisum (Superoxide dismutase)
  • Superoxide dismutase