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A note on the information content of a consistent pairwise comparison judgment matrix of an AHP decision maker

Abstract

A decision maker using the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) could be consistent, and still provide no information in the resulting vector of priorities. An extreme example would be a pairwise comparison judgment matrix filled with 1s which is totally consistent under the various definitions of consistency, but has provided no information about the prioritization of alternatives resulting from the decision maker's judgments. In this paper, the quality of a consistent decision maker's judgments using the Analytic Hierarchy Process is placed in the context of the entropy of the resulting vector of priorities. Indeed, it is the purpose of this paper to provide a formal definition of this notion ofentropy of a priority vector, and to provide a framework for a quantitative measurement of the information content of consistent pairwise comparison judgment matrices of a decision maker who is using the Analytic Hierarchy Process. We will prove that the entropy of the vector of priorities for consistent matrices follows a normal distribution and discuss some general considerations of this result.

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Noble, E.E., Sanchez, P.P. A note on the information content of a consistent pairwise comparison judgment matrix of an AHP decision maker. Theor Decis 34, 99–108 (1993). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01074896

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Keywords

  • Decision analysis
  • decision processes
  • analytic hierarchy process
  • entropy
  • priority vector
  • consistent matrices