Studies of crop response to Ca fertilizers are generally few as well as information concerning the Ca nutrition of Brussels sprouts (Brassica oleracea var.gemmifera). Six field studies were conducted, over three years, to determine yield response of Brussels sprouts to soil applied gypsum (CaSO4.2H2O), lime (calcite), and elemental S on sandy loam to loamy sand Orthic Podzols in Prince Edward Island. Relative yield of marketable (0–32mm) Brussels sprouts were related to soil ammonium acetate extractable Ca (r = 0.71). The highest yields (11 to 13 t ha−1) were associated with an extractable Ca of above 400µg g−1 soil, while a Ca level below 400µg reduced yield by 20%. Highest marketable yields were associated with a Ca level in the leaf tissue (in upper mature leaves at sprout formation) of above 2.2% (w/w) (r = 0.55), this in turn was associated (r = 0.87) with an extractable soil Ca above 400µg g−1 soil. Calcite and elemental S did not influence yield or mineral content. Gypsum, as expected increased leaf S content, but leaf tissue S levels were not related to marketable yield. Slight decreases in soil pH due to increasing gypsum rate (0.5–4.3 t ha−1) were associated with changing accumulations of B, Mn, Fe, Ca, and Zn in the leaf tissue. Gypsum had little effect on soil porosity and structure indices, but changing pH (in both gypsum and lime treatments) significantly influenced soil microbial biomass.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Price includes VAT for USA
Subscribe to journal
Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.
This is the net price. Taxes to be calculated in checkout.
Advisory Committee on Soil Fertility (1988) Sulfur in soils and crops in Atlantic Canada. Atlantic Provinces Agricultural Services Coordinating Committee. Publ. No. 538-88. Agdex No. 531
Al-Ani AN and Dudas MJ (1988) Influence of calcium carbonate on mean weight diameter of soil. Soil and Tillage Res 11: 19–26
Barber SA (1984) Soil nutrient bioavailability, a mechanistic approach. Chapter 11, Calcium. New York: John Wiley and Sons
Carter MR (1986) Microbial biomass and mineralizable nitrogen in solonetzic soils: influence of gypsum and lime amendments. Soil Biol Biochem 18: 531–537
Carter MR (1987) Physical properties of some Prince Edward Island soils in relation to their tillage requirement and suitability for direct drilling. Can J Soil Sci 67: 473–487
Carter MR, Pearen JR, Karkansis PG, Cairns RR and McAndrew DW (1986) Improvement of soil properties and plant growth on a brown solonetzic soil using irrigation, calcium amendments and nitrogen. Can J Soil Sci 66: 581–589
Cutcliffe JA (1984) Effects of added limestone and potassium on yield and storage losses of cabbage. Can J Plant Sci 64: 395–399.
Cutcliffe JA (1988) Effects of lime and gypsum on yields and nutrition of two cultivars of Brussels sprouts. Can J Soil Sci 68: 611–615
Geraldson CM Clacan GR and Lorenz OA (1973) Plant analysis as an aid in fertilizing vegetable crops.In Walsh LM and Beaton JD (eds) Soil testing and plant analysis. Madison, WI: Soil Sci Soc Am.
Gupta UC and Cutcliffe JA (1975) Boron deficiency in cole crops under field and greenhouse conditions. Commun Soil Sci Plant Anal 6: 181–188
Gupta UC and MacLeod JA (1982) Effect of sea crop 16 and ergostim on crop yields and plant composition. Can J Soil Sci 62: 527–532
Haworth F and Cleaver TJ (1966) The mineral composition of Brussels sprouts. J Sci Food Agri 17: 304–308
Hoyt PB (1981) Improvements in soil tilth and rapeseed emergence by lime applications on acid soils in the Peace River region. Can J Soil Sci 61: 91–98
Lawrence JR, Gupta VVSR and Germida JJ (1988) Impact of elemental sulphur fertilization on agricultural soils. II. Effects of sulphur-oxidizing populations and oxidation rates. Can J Soil Sci 68: 475–483
Maynard DN and Barker AV (1972) Internal browning of Brussels sprouts: a calcium disorder. J. Am Soc Hortic Sci 97: 789–792
McKeague JA (1978) Manual on soil sampling and methods of analysis. Can Soil Survey Committee, Ottawa: Can Soc Soil Sci
Munro DC, MacKay DC and Cutcliffe JA (1978) Relation of nutrient content of broccoli and Brussels sprouts leaves to maturity and fertilization with N, P, K, and manure. Can J Plant Sci 58: 385–394
Needham P (1983) The occurrence and treatment of mineral disorders in the field.In Robinson JBD (ed) Diagnosis of mineral disorders in plants. Volume 1: principles. London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office
Shanmuganathan RJ and Oades JM (1983) Modification of soil physical properties by addition of calcium compounds. Australian J Soil Res 21: 285–300
Thomas RL, Sheard RW and Moyer JR (1967) Comparison of conventional and automated procedures for nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium analysis of plant material using a single digest. Agron J 59: 240–243
About this article
Cite this article
Carter, M.R., Cutcliffe, J.A. Effects of gypsum on growth and mineral content of Brussels sprouts, and soil properties of Orthic Podzols. Fertilizer Research 24, 77–84 (1990). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01073225
- Brussels sprouts
- elemental sulphur