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Freedom of movement among blue collar workers

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Freedom of Movement (FM) is seen in this study as the discrepancy between aspiration and personal achievement. Five hundred and sixtythree blue collar workers responded to a mail questionnaire specifically designed to assess FM. Sex, race, and income related monotonically to FM, with Blacks, women, and low income workers showing low FM. Age also related significantly to FM, but in a curvilinear fashion, with mid-age workers having the lowest FM. Implications of low FM (and anomie) are discussed in relation to homelessness, apathy, and other forms of social distress.

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Correspondence to Salomon Rettig.

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Rettig, S. Freedom of movement among blue collar workers. J Soc Distress Homeless 2, 23–34 (1993). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01072430

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Key words

  • Freedom of Movement
  • anomie
  • blue collar workers