Behavior Genetics

, Volume 8, Issue 2, pp 125–141

Courtship among males due to a male-sterile mutation inDrosophila melanogaster

  • Jeffrey C. Hall
Article

Abstract

Drosophila melanogaster males carrying the fruitless mutation have been studied in their interactions with males and females. Mutant males—expressing a single recessive factor on the third chromosome—court mutant or wild-type males about 7 times more frequently than wild-type males court each other. Courtship by a fruitless male of a wild-type male is sustained and takes up an amount of time almost 100 times greater than the courtship interactions recorded between two normal males. While the mutant males do court females in a sustained manner, they attempt to copulate in less than 1% of the trials, never do copulate, and are thus behaviorally sterile. Fruitless males, when interacting with other males, are deficient in their degree of rejection responses, but this defect is not sufficient to explain the abnormal male-male interactions. The mutants stimulate wild-type males to court them with a frequency which is about 5 times higher than that observed between normal males. Fruitless males can stimulate other males to court them even when the former have been etherized or cut into pieces.

Key Words

Drosophila courtship bisexual mutant behavioral sterility 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Averhoff, W. W., and Richardson, R. H. (1974). Pheromonal control of mating patterns inDrosophila melanogaster.Behav. Genet. 4:207–225.Google Scholar
  2. Barth, R. H., and Lester, L. J. (1973). Neuro-hormonal control of sexual behavior in insects.Ann. Rev. Entomol. 18:445–472.Google Scholar
  3. Bastock, M. (1956). A gene mutation which changes a behavior pattern.Evolution 10:421–429.Google Scholar
  4. Bastock, M., and Manning, A. (1955). The courtship ofDrosophila melanogaster.Behaviour 8:85–111.Google Scholar
  5. Bell, J. B., and MacIntyre, R. (1973). Characterization of acid phosphatase-1 null activity mutants inDrosophila melanogaster.Biochem. Genet. 10:39–55.Google Scholar
  6. Bennet-Clark, H. D., and Ewing, A. W. (1970). The love song of the fruit fly.Sci. Am. 223:84–92.Google Scholar
  7. Carlson, D. A., Mayer, M. S., Silbacek, D. L., James, J. D., Beroza, M., and Bierl, B. A. (1971). Sex attractant pheromone of the house fly: Isolation, identification, and synthesis.Science 174:76–77.Google Scholar
  8. Cook, R. (1975). “Lesbian” phenotype ofDrosophila melanogaster?Nature 254:241–242.Google Scholar
  9. Dethier, V. G. (1963).The Physiology of Insect Senses. Chapman and Hall, London, pp. 112–126.Google Scholar
  10. Fuyama, Y. (1976). Behavior genetics of olfactory responses inDrosophila. I. Olfactometry and strain differences inDrosophila melanogaster.Behav. Genet. 6:407–420.Google Scholar
  11. Gill, K. S. (1963a). A mutation causing abnormal mating behavior.Drosophila Inform. Serv. 38:33.Google Scholar
  12. Gill, K. S. (1963b). A mutation causing abnormal courtship and mating behavior in males ofDrosophila melanogaster.Am. Zool. 3:507 (abst.).Google Scholar
  13. Hall, J. C., (1977). Portions of the central nervous system controlling reproductive behavior inDrosophila melanogaster.Behav. Genet. 7:291–312.Google Scholar
  14. Hall, J. C., Gelbart, W. M., and Kankel, D. R. (1976). Mosaic systems. In Ashburner, M., and Novitski (eds.),The Genetics and Biology of Drosophila, Vol. 1a, Academic Press, London, pp. 264–314.Google Scholar
  15. Hedin, P. A., Neimeyer, C. S., Gueldner, R. C., and Thompson, A. C. (1972). A gas chromatographic survey of the volatile fractions of twenty species of insects from eight orders.J. Insect Physiol. 18:555–564.Google Scholar
  16. Hotta, Y., and Benzer, S. (1972). Mapping of behaviour inDrosophila mosaics.Nature 240:527–535.Google Scholar
  17. Hotta, Y., and Benzer, S. (1976). Courtship in Drosophila mosaics: Sex-specific foci for sequential action patterns.Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 73:4154–4158.Google Scholar
  18. Kankel, D. R., and Hall, J. C. (1976). Fate mapping of nervous system and other internal tissues inDrosophila melanogaster.Dev. Biol. 48:1–24.Google Scholar
  19. Leonard, J. E., Ehrman, L., and Pruzan, A. (1974). Pheromones as a means of genetic control of behavior.Ann. Rev. Genet. 8:179–193.Google Scholar
  20. Lindsley, D. L., and Grell, E. H. (1968). Genetic variations ofDrosophila melanogaster. Carnegie Inst. Wash. Publ. No. 627.Google Scholar
  21. Manning, A. (1965).Drosophila and the evolution of behaviour.Viewpoints Biol. 4:125–169.Google Scholar
  22. Rogoff, W. M., Gretz, G. H., Jacobson, M., and Beroza, M. (1973). Confirmation of (Z)-9-ticosene as a sex pheromone of the house fly.Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 66:739–741.Google Scholar
  23. Sharma, R. P. (1977). Light-dependent homosexual activity in males of a mutantDrosophila melanogaster.Experientia 33:171–173.Google Scholar
  24. Shorey, H. H., and Bartell, R. J. (1970). Role of a volatile female sex pheromone in stimulating male courtship inDrosophila melanogaster.Anim. Behav. 18:159–164.Google Scholar
  25. Spieth, H. T. (1952). Mating behaviour within the genusDrosophila (Diptera).Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. 99:396–474.Google Scholar
  26. Spieth, H. T. (1966). Drosophilid mating behaviour: The behaviour of decapitated females.Anim. Behav. 14:226–235.Google Scholar
  27. Spieth, H. T. (1974). Courtship behavior inDrosophila.Ann. Rev. Entomol. 19:385–405.Google Scholar
  28. Streisinger, G. (1948). Experiments on sexual isolation inDrosophila. IX. Behavior of males with etherized females.Evolution 2:187–188.Google Scholar
  29. von Schilcher, F. (1976). Role of auditory stimuli in the courtship ofDrosophila melanogaster.Anim. Behav. 24:18–26.Google Scholar
  30. Wasserman, M. J., Heller, J., and Zombek, J. (1971). Male determined sexual discrimination in the speciesDrosophila pegasa.Am. Midl. Nat. 86:231–235.Google Scholar
  31. Weier, J. A., and Gesteland, R. C. (1976). Electroantennograms and unit responses of Drosophila olfactory receptors (abst.).Neurosciences Abstracts, Vol. II, Part 1, p. 166 (6th Annual Meeting of Society for Neuroscience, Toronto, November 1976).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1978

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jeffrey C. Hall
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BiologyBrandeis UniversityWaltham

Personalised recommendations