Advertisement

Journal of Quantitative Criminology

, Volume 3, Issue 4, pp 339–354 | Cite as

Time and crime: The link between teenager lifestyle and delinquency

  • David Riley
Article

Abstract

This paper—based on data from a national survey of 14 and 15 year olds and their parents in England and Wales—examines the relationship between teenager lifestyles and activity patterns and self-report offending. The legal ways in which teenagers spend their time show consistent relationships with involvement in crime. Offenders and nonofienders differ markedly on both general and specific measures where they go, whom they are with, and what they do. Consistent with models of criminal behavior based on group processes, these differences in activity patterns also extend to a number of the major correlates of delinquency whose effects on crime are typically conceived in lifestyle terms. These results further indicate that the link between activity patterns and delinquency is different between males and females in the age group surveyed.

Key words

delinquency lifestyle leisure time sex differences 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Akers, R. L. (1977).Deviant Behavior: A Social Learning Approach, Wadsworth, Belmont, Calif.Google Scholar
  2. Akers, R. L., Krohn, M., Lanza-Kaduce, L., and Radosevich, M. (1979). Social learning and deviant behavior: A specific test of a general theory.Am. Sociol. Rev. 44: 636–655.Google Scholar
  3. Becker, H. S. (1963).Outsiders: Studies in the Sociology of Deviance, Free Press, New York.Google Scholar
  4. Canter, R. (1982). Sex differences in self-report delinquency.Criminology 20: 373–393.Google Scholar
  5. Chernkovich, S. A., and Giordano, P. C. (1979). A comparative analysis of male and female delinquency.Soc. Quart. 20: 131–145.Google Scholar
  6. Cohen, L. E., Cantor, D., and Kluegel, J. R. (1981). Robbery victimization in the U.S.: An analysis of a nonrandom event.Am. Sociol. Rev. 44: 505–524.Google Scholar
  7. Cusson, M. (1984).Why Delinquency? University of Toronto Press, Toronto.Google Scholar
  8. Elliott, D. S., Huizinga, D., and Ageton, S. S. (1985).Explaining Delinquency and Drug Use, Sage, Beverly Hills, Calif.Google Scholar
  9. Farrington, D. P. (1984). Personal communication.Google Scholar
  10. Felson, M., and Gottfredson, M. (1984). Social indicators of adolescent activities near peers and parents. J. Marriage Family 709–714.Google Scholar
  11. Feyerherm, W. H., and Hindelang, M. J. (1974). On the victimization of juveniles: Some preliminary results.J. Res. Crime Delinq. 11: 40–50.Google Scholar
  12. Garofalo, J. (1987). Reassessing the lifestyle model of criminal victimization. In Gottfredson, M., and Hirschi, T. (eds.),Positive Criminology: Essays in Honour of Michael J. Hindelang, Sage, Beverly Hills, Calif.Google Scholar
  13. Gottfredson, M. (1984).Victims of Crime: The Dimensions of Risk, Home Office Research Study No. 81, Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London.Google Scholar
  14. Hindelang, M. L. (1976). With a little help from their friends: Group participation in reported delinquent behavior.Br. J. Criminol. 16: 109–125.Google Scholar
  15. Hirschi, T. (1969).Causes of Delinquency, University of California Press, Berkeley.Google Scholar
  16. Hough, M., and Mayhew, P. (1983).The British Crime Survey: First Report, Home Office Research Study No. 76, Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London.Google Scholar
  17. Mawby, R. (1980). Sex and crime: The results of a self-report study.Br. J. Sociol. 31: 525–543.Google Scholar
  18. Richards, P. (1981). Quantitative and qualitative sex differences in middle-class delinquency.Criminology 18: 453–470.Google Scholar
  19. Richards, P., Berk, R. A., and Forster, B. (1979).Crime as Play: Delinquency in a Middle-Class Suburb, Ballinger, Cambridge, Mass.Google Scholar
  20. Riley, D. (1986).Sex Differences in Teenage Crime: The Role of Lifestyle, RPU Bulletin No. 20, Home Office, London.Google Scholar
  21. Riley, D., and Shaw, M. (1985).Parental Supervision and Juvenile Delinquency, Home Office Research Study No. 83, Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London.Google Scholar
  22. Sarnecki, J. (1983).Fritid Och Bottslighet, National Council for Crime Prevention, Stockholm, Sweden.Google Scholar
  23. Shaw, C., and McKay, D. (1931).Social Factors in Juvenile Delinquency, Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C.Google Scholar
  24. Smith, S. (1982). Victimization in the inner city.Br. J. Criminol 22: 386–402.Google Scholar
  25. Solicitor-General of Canada (1983).Victims of Crime: Preliminary Findings of the Canadian Urban Victimization Survey. Bulletin No. 1, Programs Branch, Research and Statistics Group, Ministry of the Solicitor-General, Ottawa.Google Scholar
  26. Sparks, R. F. (1982).Research on Victims of Crime: Accomplishments, Issues and New Directions, National Institute of Mental Health, Center for Studies of Crime and Delinquency, Rockville, Md.Google Scholar
  27. Tuck, M., and Riley, D. (1986). The theory of reasoned action: A decision theory of crime. In Cornish, D. B., and Clarke, R. V. (eds.)The Reasoning Criminal: Rational Choice Perspectives on Offending, Springer-Verlag, The Hague.Google Scholar
  28. van Dijk, J., and Steinmetz, C. (1980).The RDC Victim Surveys, 1974–79, Report No. XXXV, Research and Documentation Centre, Ministry of Justice, The Hague.Google Scholar
  29. Wolfgang, M. E., Figlio, R. M., and Sellin, T. (1972).Delinquency in a Birth Cohort, University of Chicago Press, Chicago.Google Scholar
  30. Zimring, F. E. (1981). Kids, groups and crime: Some implications of a well-known secret.J. Crim. Law Criminol. 72: 867–885.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • David Riley
    • 1
  1. 1.Research and Planning UnitHome OfficeLondonEngland

Personalised recommendations