Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Genetic influences on behavior of infantMus domesticus: A comparison of results from diallels derived from single and multiple populations

  • 28 Accesses

  • 3 Citations

Abstract

A complete diallel cross was generated from six Jax inbred strains ofMus domesticus from diverse origins and a second 6×6 diallel generated from strains derived from a single wild population. During their second day of life, infants from both diallels were tested for latency to orient toward and root beneath mothers and, in a separate test, for latency to attach to mother's nipple. Rooting latency showed a significant additive maternal strain effect but little systematic effect of pup genotype. Nipple attachment latencies exhibited complete genetic dominance favoring rapid attachment, with no maternal effects. Patterns of genetic and environmental influences obtained from the two diallels were highly similar for both behaviors, suggesting that for many traits the requirement that strains be drawn from a common base population may be relaxed.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. Boice, R. (1972). Some behavioral tests of domestication in Norway rats.Behavior ÷ x ϖ 198–231.

  2. Broadhurst, P. L. (1979). The experimental approach to behavioral evolution. In Royce, J. R., and Mos, L. P. (eds.),Theoretical Advances in Behavioral Genetics, Sjthoff & Noordhoff, Alphen aan den Rijn, pp. 43–95.

  3. Broadhurst, P. L., and Jinks, J. L. (1974). What genetical architecture can tell us about the natural selection of behavioral traits. In van Abeelen, J. H. F. (ed.),The Genetics of Behavior, North-Holland, Amsterdam.

  4. Bruell, J. H. (1967). Behavioral heterosis. In Hirsch J. (eds.),Behavior-Genetic Analysis, McGraw-Hill, New York.

  5. Bruell, J. H. (1970). Behavior population genetics and wildMus musculus. In Lindzey, G., and Thiessen, D. D. (eds.),Contributions to Behavior Genetic Analysis: The Mouse as a Prototype, Appleton-Century-Crofts, New York.

  6. Calhoun, J. B. (1962). Population density and social pathology.Sci. Am. 206:139–148.

  7. Carlier, M., Roubertoux, P., and Cohen-Salmon, C. (1983). Early development in mice: I. Genotype and post-natal maternal effects.Physiol. Behav. 30:837–844.

  8. Connor, J. L. (1975). Genetic mechanisms controlling the domestication of a wild housemouse population (Mus musculus L).J. Comp. Physiol. Psychol. 89, 118–130.

  9. Connor, J. L., and Bellucci, M. J. (1979). Natural selection resisting inbreeding depression in captive wild housemice (Mus musculus).Evolution 33:929–940.

  10. Crow, J. F. (1952). Dominance and overdominance. In Gowan, J. W. (ed.),Heterosis, Iowa State College Press, Ames.

  11. Dickinson, A. G., and Jinks, J. L. (1956). A generalized analysis of diallel crosses.Genetics 41:65–77.

  12. Falconer, D. S. (1960).Introduction to Quantitative Genetics, Ronald, New York.

  13. Falconer, D. S. (1981).Introduction to Quantitative Genetics, 2nd ed., Longman, London.

  14. Festing, M. W. (1979).Inbred Strains in Biomedical Research Oxford University Press, New York.

  15. Fisher, R. A. (1958).The Genetical Theory of Natural Selection, 2nd ed., Dover, New York.

  16. Green, E. (1966). Breeding systems. In Green, E. (ed.),Biology of the Laboratory Mouse, 2nd ed., McGraw-Hill, New York.

  17. Griffing, B. (1956a). Concept of general and specific combining ability in relation to diallel crossing systems.Austral. J. Biol. 11:219–245.

  18. Griffing, B. (1956b). A generalized treatment of diallel crosses in quantitative inheritance.Heredity 10:31–50.

  19. Hayman, B. I. (1954a). The analysis of variance of diallel crosses.Biometrics 10:235–244.

  20. Hayman, B. I. (1954b). The theory and analysis of diallel crosses.Genetics 39:789–809.

  21. Hayman, B. I. (1960). The theory and analysis of diallel crosses. III.Genetics 45:155–172.

  22. Henderson, N. D. (1970a). Brain weight increases resulting from environmental enrichment: A directional dominance in mice.Science 169:776–778.

  23. Henderson, N. D. (1970b). Genetic influences on the behavior of mice can be obscured by laboratory rearing.J. Comp. Physiol. Psychol. 72:505–511.

  24. Henderson, N. D. (1972). Brain weight changes resulting from enriched rearing conditions: A diallel analysis.Dev. Psychobiol. 6:367–376.

  25. Henderson, N. D. (1976). Short exposures to enriched environments can increase genetic variability of behavior in mice.Dev. Psychobiol. 9:549–553.

  26. Henderson, N. D. (1978). Genetic dominace for low activity in infant mice.J. Comp. Phsysiol. Psychol. 92:118–125.

  27. Henderson, N. D. (1979). Adaptive significance of animal behavior: The role of gene-environment interaction. In Royce, J. R., and Mos, L. P. (eds.),Theoretical Advances in Behavioral Genetics, Sithoff & Noordhoff, Alphen aan den Rijn, pp. 243–287.

  28. Henderson, N. D. (1986). Predicting relationships between psychological constructs and genetic characters: An analysis of changing genetic influences on activity in mice.Behav. Genet. 16:201–220.

  29. Henderson, N. D. (1988). A threshold model for vocalization to handling inMus domesticus. Behav. Genet.18:571–582.

  30. Hewitt, J. K., and Fulker, D. W. (1983). Using the triple test cross to investigate the genetics of behavior of wild populations. II. Escape-avoidance conditioning inRattus norvegicus.Behav. Genet. 13:1–16.

  31. Hewitt, J. K., Fulker, D. W., and Broadhurst, P. L. (1981). Genetics of escape-avoidance conditioning in laboratory and wild populations of rats: A biometrical approach.Behav. Genet. 11:533–544.

  32. Kempthorne, O. (1956). The theory of the diallel cross.Genetics 41:451–459.

  33. Kuehl, R. O., Rawlings, J. O., and Cockerham, C. C. (1968). Reference populations for diallel experiments.Biometrics 24:881–901.

  34. Lockard, R. B. (1968). The albino rat: A defensible choice or a bad habit.Am Psychol. 23:734–742.

  35. Mather, K. (1943). Polygenic inheritance and natural selection.Biol. Rev. 18:32–64.

  36. Mather, K. (1953). The genetical structure of populations.Symp. Soc. Exp. Biol. 7:66–95.

  37. Mather, K. (1973).Genetical Structure of Populations, Chapman & Hall, London.

  38. Mather, K., and Jinks, J. L. (1982).Biometrical Genetics 3rd ed., Cornell University Press, Ithaca, N.Y.

  39. Morse, H. C., III (ed.) (1978).Origins of Inbred Mice, Academic Press, New York.

  40. Nassar, R. F. (1965). Effect of correlated gene distribution due to sampling on the diallel analysis.Genetics 52:9–20.

  41. Parsons, P. A. (1983). Ecobehavioral genetics: Habitats and colonists.Annu. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 14:35–55.

  42. Price, E. O. (1984). Behavioral aspects of animal domestication.Q. Rev. Biol.,59:1–32.

  43. Robertson, A. (1955). Selection in animals: Synthesis,Cold Spring Harbor Symp. Quant. Biol. 20:225–229.

  44. Roff, D. A., and Mousseau, T. A. (1987). Quantitative genetics and fitness: Lessons fromDrosophila.Heredity 58:103–118.

  45. Roubertoux, P. L., Semal, C., and Ragueneau, S. (1985). Early development in mice. II. Sensorial motor development, a genetic analysis.Physiol. Behav. 40:838–841.

  46. Rubertoux, P. L., Baumann, L., Ragueneau, S., and Semal, C. (1987). Early development in mice. IV. Age at disappearance of the rooting response: Genetic analysis in newborn mice.Behav. Genet. 17:453–464.

Download references

Author information

Additional information

This work was supported by Grant BNS-8121540 from the National Science Foundation.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Henderson, N.D. Genetic influences on behavior of infantMus domesticus: A comparison of results from diallels derived from single and multiple populations. Behav Genet 19, 551–574 (1989). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01066254

Download citation

Key Words

  • Mus domesticus
  • housemice
  • infant behavior
  • diallel analysis
  • genetic variance
  • heritability
  • genetic dominance
  • fitness
  • domestication
  • heterosis
  • heterozygote advantage
  • selection
  • evolution
  • ecological niche