Selection for an increase in one form of male wing display (vibration) over another (scissoring) was carried out on courting pairs of a multifemale stock ofDrosophila simulans for 17 generations. One of two lines responded to selection, and the realized heritability calculated over the first 11 generations was approximately 10% for this line. Pair matings between control and selected flies in generation 17 indicated that selection occurred primarily on males themselves, rather than indirectly on females. The trait used in selection (vibration time/wing display time) was broken down into four component traits: number of bouts of vibration, vibration bout length, number of bouts of scissoring, and scissoring bout length. Only two of these traits, number of bouts of vibration and scissoring bout length, showed a long-term response to selection.
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This study was supported by NSF Grant DEB 7903866.
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Wood, D., Ringo, J.M. Artificial selection for altered male wing display inDrosophila simulans . Behav Genet 12, 449–458 (1982). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01065636
- wing display
- artificial selection
- Drosophila simulans
- courtship behavior
- genetic variation