This study deals primarily with the question of continuity in serious criminality. The study follows a cohort consisting of 15,117 individuals from the age of 15 years through the age of 30 years. The age-based transition probabilities are studied, both for males and for females, showing that the transitions for females conform to a first-order Markov chain, so that the original matrices can be seen as estimates from a single “parent matrix.” This was not the case for males. The predictive power of prior criminality for later transition probabilities is also studied. Finally, the difference between stating that a given percentage will relapse in crime and the ability to make real prediction is emphasized.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Price includes VAT for USA
Subscribe to journal
Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.
This is the net price. Taxes to be calculated in checkout.
Albrecht, H.-J., and Moitra, S. (1988). Escalation and specialization. A comparative analysis of patterns in criminal careers. In Kaiser, G., and Geissler, I. (eds.),Crime and Criminal Justice, Eigenverlag Max Planck-Inst., Freiburg, pp. 116–136.
Blumstein, A., Farrington, D. P., and Moitra, S. (1985). Delinquency Careers: Innocents, desisters, and persisters.Crime Just Annu. Rev. Res. 6: 187–219.
Blumstein, A., Cohen, J., Roth, J. A., and Visher, C. A. (eds.) (1986).Criminal Careers and “Career Criminals,” Vol. 1, National Academy Press, Washington, D.C.
Bursik, R. J. (1980). The dynamics of specialization in juvenile offences.Soc. Forces 58: 22–37.
Farrington, D. P., Snyder, H. N., and Finnegan, T. A. (1988). Specialization in juvenile court careers.Criminology 3, 36: 461–487.
Goodman, L. A. (1962). Statistical methods for analyzing processes of change.Am. J. Sociol. 70: 564–585.
Greenwood, P. W., with Abrahamse, A. (1982).Selective Incapacitation, Rand, Santa Monica, Calif.
Janson, C.-G. (1984).Project Metropolitan. A Presentation and Progress Report. Project Metropolitan Research Report No. 21, Department of Sociology, University of Stockholm, Stockholm.
Klein, M. W. (1984). Offence specialization and versatility among juveniles.Br. J. Criminol. 24: 185–194.
Loeber, R., and Dishion, T. (1983). Early predictors of male delinquency: A review.Psychol. Bull. 94, 1: 68–99.
Persson, L. G. W. (1975). Inbrottstjuvar i Stockholm, Stencil. Department of Sociology, University of Stockholm, Stockholm.
Rojeck, D. G., and Erickson, M. L. (1982). Delinquent careers: A test of the career escalation model.Criminology 20: 5–28.
Shannon, L. W. (1985). Risk assessment vs. real prediction: The prediction problem and public trust.J. Quant. Criminol. 1: 159–189.
Visher, C. A. (1988). Incapacitation and crime control: Does a “lock 'em up” strategy reduce crime?Just. Q. 4: 513–543.
Wikström, P.-O. (1987).Patterns of Crime in a Birth Cohort. Age, Sex, and Class Differences. Project Metropolitan Research Report No. 24, Department of Sociology, University of Stockholm, Stockholm.
Wilson, J. Q. (1975).Thinking About Crime, Basic Books, New York.
Wolfgang, E. W., Figlio, R. M., and Selling, T. (1972).Delinquency in a Birth Cohort, University of Chicago Press, London.
About this article
Cite this article
Andersson, J. Continuity in crime: Sex and age differences. J Quant Criminol 6, 85–100 (1990). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01065291
- cohort data
- age-based transitions
- sex differences