State public service commission regulation of gas utility pricing is examined during the period of wellhead price deregulation. A model which incorporates asymmetry in price setting during a period of changing input costs is estimated. Statistical analyses suggest public service commission regulation slowed the increase in gas utility prices during periods of rising costs. Gas utility pricing was not monitored as closely when purchased gas prices fell, thereby altering the rate structure in favor of industrial customers. Federal Energy Regulatory Commission policies designed to promote competition by restructuring the transmission sector of the gas industry after 1985 appear to have suppressed retail prices in industrial markets.
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Hollas, D.R. Downstream gas pricing in an era of upstream deregulation. J Regul Econ 6, 227–245 (1994). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01064653
- Energy Regulatory
- Industrial Organization
- Commission Regulation
- Rate Structure
- Input Cost