, Volume 94, Issue 3, pp 453–476 | Cite as

Internalistic foundationalism and the justification of memory belief

  • Thomas D. Senor


In this paper I argue that internalistic foundationalist theories of the justification of memory belief are inadequate. Taking a discussion of John Pollock as a starting point, I argue against any theory that requires a memory belief to be based on a phenomenal state in order to be justified. I then consider another version of internalistic foundationalism and claim that it, too, is open to important objections. Finally, I note that both varieties of foundationalism fail to account for the epistemic status of our justified nonoccurrent beliefs, and hence are drastically incomplete.


Important Objection Epistemic Status Phenomenal State Foundationalist Theory Memory Belief 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Alston, William P.: 1985, ‘Concepts of Epistemic Justification’,The Monist 68, 57–89 (reprinted in Alston 1989).Google Scholar
  2. Alston, William P.: 1989,Epistemic Justification: Essays in the Theory of Knowledge, Cornell University Press, Ithaca, NY.Google Scholar
  3. Anderson, John R.: 1983,The Architecture of Cognition, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA.Google Scholar
  4. Audi, Robert: 1988,Belief, Justification, and Knowledge, Wadsworth, Belmont, CA.Google Scholar
  5. BonJour, Laurence: 1986,The Structure of Empirical Knowledge, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA.Google Scholar
  6. Ellis, Henry C. and R. Reed Hunt: 1987,Fundamentals of Human Memory and Cognition, 3rd ed., Wm. C. Brown Co., Dubuque, IA.Google Scholar
  7. Feldman, Richard: 1988, ‘Having Evidence’, in David Austin (ed.),Philosophical Analysis: A Defense by Example, D. Reidel, Dordrecht, pp. 83–104.Google Scholar
  8. Goldman, Alvin: 1988, ‘Weak and Strong Justification’, in Tomberlin (1988), pp. 51–69.Google Scholar
  9. Harman, Gilbert: 1986,Change In View, MIT Press, Cambridge, MA.Google Scholar
  10. Kornblith, Hilary: 1983, ‘Justified Belief and Epistemically Responsible Action’,Philosophical Review 92, 33–48.Google Scholar
  11. Lehrer, Keith: 1990,Theory of Knowledge, Westview Press, Boulder, CO.Google Scholar
  12. Martin, C. B. and Max Deutscher: 1966, ‘Remembering’,Philosophical Review 65, 161–195.Google Scholar
  13. Pappas, George: 1980, ‘Lost Justification’, in Peter A. French, Theodore E. Uehling, and Howard K. Wettstein (eds.),Midwest Studies in Philosophy: Volume V (1980), Epistemology, University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis, pp. 127–34.Google Scholar
  14. Plantinga, Alvin: 1992,Warrant and Proper Function, Oxford University Press, New York.Google Scholar
  15. Pollock, John: 1986,Contemporary Theories of Knowledge, Rowman and Littlefield, Totowa, NJ.Google Scholar
  16. Pollock, John: 1974,Knowledge and Justification, Princeton University Press, Princeton.Google Scholar
  17. Tomberlin, James E. (ed.): 1988,Philosophical Perspectives 2: Epistemology 1988, Ridgeview Pub. Co., Atascadero, CA.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thomas D. Senor
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PhilosophyUniversity of ArkansasFayettevilleU.S.A.

Personalised recommendations