Comparison of cadmium kinetics in four soil arthropod species

  • M. P. M. Janssen
  • A. Bruins
  • T. H. De Vries
  • N. M. Van Straalen
Article

Abstract

Soil organisms may play an important role in the transfer of metals through the ecosystem in metal-polluted environments. To evaluate this role, four representative species were compared through modelling their toxico-kinetics when exposed to cadmium in chronic laboratory experiments. Considerable differences in consumption and assimilation of food and cadmium were found between the species. Cadmium assimilation correlated with food assimilation. Cadmium excretion and equilibrium concentrations also differed considerably between the species. The differences in equilibrium concentrations were comparable to the differences between these species in the field. Cadmium assimilation efficiencies were high in the predatorsNotiophilus biguttatus andNeobisium muscorum, and were lower in the saprotrophsOrchesella cincta andPlatynothrus peltifer. Excretion constants were high in the insectsN. biguttatus andO. cincta and low in the arachnidsN. muscorum andP. peltifer. There was no direct relationship between assimilation efficiency and excretion ability. The differences in cadmium assimilation efficiencies reflect differences in trophic level and most probably differences in nutrient demand, which may be determined taxonomically. The influence of excretion ability on the equilibrium concentration is larger than that of assimilation efficiency. Species with a high equilibrium concentration combine low excretion ability with either low or high assimilation. Together with compartment modelling, the study of uptake and excretion of cadmium by individual species provides a suitable tool for predicting the amount in the different soil invertebrates and for calculating pollutant fluxes.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Atkins GL (1969) Multicompartment models for biological systems. Methuen, LondonGoogle Scholar
  2. Berger B, Dallinger R (1989) Accumulation of cadmium and copper by the terrestrial snailArianta arbustorum L.: Kinetics and budgets. Oecologia 79:60–65Google Scholar
  3. Beyer WN (1986) A re-examination of biomagnification of metals in terrestrial food chains. Environ Toxicol Chem 5:863–864Google Scholar
  4. Dallinger R, Wieser W (1984) Patterns of accumulation, distribution and liberation of Zn, Cu, Cd and Pb in different organs of the land snailHelix pomatia L. Comp Biochem Physiol 79c:117–124Google Scholar
  5. De Ruiter PC, Ernsting G (1987) Effect of ration on energy allocation in a carabid beetle. Funct Ecol 1:109–116Google Scholar
  6. Hopkin SP (1989) Ecophysiology of metals in terrestrial invertebrates. Elsevier Applied Science, LondonGoogle Scholar
  7. Hopkin SP, Martin MH (1984) Assimilation of zinc, cadmium, lead and copper by the centipedeLithobius variegatus (Chilopoda). J Appl Ecol 21:535–546Google Scholar
  8. Hopkin SP, Watson K, Martin MH, Mould ML (1985) The assimilation of heavy metals byLithobius variegatus andGlomeris marginata (Chilopoda; Diplopoda). Bijdr Dierk 55:88–94Google Scholar
  9. Hunter BA, Johnson MS (1982) Food chain relationships of copper and cadmium in contaminated grassland ecosystems. Oikos 38:108–117Google Scholar
  10. Hunter BA, Johnson MS, Thompson DJ (1987) Ecotoxicology of copper and cadmium in a contaminated grassland ecosystem. 2. Invertebrates. J Appl Ecol 24:587–599Google Scholar
  11. Janssen MPM (1988) Species dependent cadmium accumulation by forest litter arthropods. Proc 3rd Internat Conf Environ Cont, Venice. CEP, Edinburgh, pp. 436–438Google Scholar
  12. Janssen MPM, Joosse ENG, Van Straalen NM (1990) Seasonal variation in concentration of cadmium in litter arthropods from a metal contaminated site. Pedobiologia 34:257–267Google Scholar
  13. Knutti R, Bucher P, Stengl M, Stolz M, Tremp J, Ulrich M, Schlaffer C, (1988) Cadmium in the invertebrate fauna of an unpolluted forest in Switzerland. In: Stoeppler M, Piscator M (eds) Cadmium (Environmental Toxin Series 2). Springer Verlag, New York, pp 171–191Google Scholar
  14. Martin MH, Coughtrey PJ (1982) Biological monitoring of heavy metal pollution: Land and air. Applied Science Publishers, LondonGoogle Scholar
  15. Moriarty F (1972) The effects of pesticides on wildlife: Exposure and residues. Sci Total Environ 1:267–288PubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. — (1983) Ecotoxicology, the study of pollutants in ecosystems. Academic Press, LondonGoogle Scholar
  17. Moriarty F, Walker CH (1987) Bioaccumulation in food chains, a rational approach. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 13:208–215PubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. Niimi AJ (1987) Biological half-lives of chemicals in fishes. Rev Environ Contam Toxicol 99:1–46PubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. Petersen H, Luxton M (1982) A comparative analysis of soil fauna populations and their role in decomposition processes. Oikos 39:287–388Google Scholar
  20. Reichle DE, Dunaway PB, Nelson DJ (1970) Turnover and concentration of radionuclides in food chains. Nucl Saf 11:43–55Google Scholar
  21. Sokal RR, Rohlf FJ (1981) Biometry. WH Freeman, San FranciscoGoogle Scholar
  22. Testerink GJ (1982) Strategies in energy consumption and partitioning in collembola. Ecol Entomol 7:341–351Google Scholar
  23. Thomas JOM (1979) An energy budget for a woodland population of oribatid mites. Pedobiologia 19:346–378Google Scholar
  24. Van Hook RI, Yates AJ (1975) Transient behavior of cadmium in a grassland arthropod food chain. Environ Res 9:76–83PubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. Van Straalen NM, Van Wensem J (1986) Heavy metal content of forest litter arthropods as related to body-size and trophic level. Environ Pollut (series A) 42:209–221Google Scholar
  26. Van Straalen NM, Burghouts TBA, Doornhof MJ, Groot GM, Janssen MPM, Joosse ENG, Van Meerendonk JH, Theeuwen JPJJ, Verhoef HA, Zoomer RH (1987) Efficiency of lead and cadmium excretion in populations ofOrchesella cincta (Collembola) from various contaminated forest soils. J Appl Ecol 24:953–968Google Scholar
  27. Van Straalen NM, Schobben JHM, De Goede RGM (1989) Population consequences of cadmium toxicity in soil microarthropods. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 17:190–204PubMedGoogle Scholar
  28. Weygoldt P (1969) The biology of pseudoscorpions. Harvard University Press, Cambridge MAGoogle Scholar
  29. Wieser W (1979) The flow of copper through a terrestrial food web. In: Nriagu JO (ed) Copper in the environment, part 1. John Wiley & Sons, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  30. Williamson P (1980) Variables affecting body burdens of lead zinc and cadmium in a roadside population of the snailCepaea hortensis Müller. Oecologia 44:213–220Google Scholar
  31. Wolters V (1985) Resource allocation inTomocerus flavescens (Insecta, Collembola): A study with C14-labelled food. Oecologia 65:229–235Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. P. M. Janssen
    • 1
  • A. Bruins
    • 1
  • T. H. De Vries
    • 1
  • N. M. Van Straalen
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Ecology and EcotoxicologyFree UniversityHV AmsterdamThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations