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  • Transport Processes, Metabolism And Endocrinology; Kidney, Gastrointestinal Tract, And Exocrine Glands
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The role of calcium in parotid amylase secretion evoked by excitation of cholinergic, α- andβ-adrenergic receptors

  • 28 Accesses

  • 15 Citations


  1. 1.

    The output of amylase from superfused mouse parotid segments was monitored by an on-line automated fluorometric method.

  2. 2.

    During exposure to Ca2+-free solution, containing the Ca2+-chelating agent EGTA, excitation of α-adrenoceptors or cholinergic receptors only resulted in a very small and transient increase in amylase output. Admission of Ca2+ during sustained stimulation caused a marked rise in amylase output which was sustained.

  3. 3.

    During exposure to Ca2+-free solution containing EGTA excitation of β-adrenoceptors caused the usual very marked rise in amylase output and the enhanced amylase secretion was sustained. Admission of Ca2+ during sustained isoprenaline stimulation only caused a small transient rise in amylase output.

  4. 4.

    The effect of ACh on amylase output varied with the extracellular Ca2+ concentration, being reduced at subnormal extracellular levels and enhanced during superfusion with fluid containing 20 mM Ca2+.

  5. 5.

    5 mM Mn2+ acted as a stimulant of amylase secretion even in the presence of blocking agents for the cholinergic, α- and β-adrenergic receptor sites. The effect of Mn2+ was biphasic; an initial transient increase in amylase output followed by a slowly developing sustained increase in secretion. The initial response was abolished after pretreatment with EGTA in a Ca2+-free solution.

  6. 6.

    Adding Mn2+ (5 mM) just after addition of ACh had caused maximal amylase secretion resulted in an immediate reduction in amylase output. Adding Mn2+ and ACh simultaneously to the superfusion solution resulted in a response smaller than that expected for ACh alone. The effect of ACh during continued exposure to Mn2+ (5 mM) was greatly reduced compared to control conditions. Stimulation with Mn2+ during continued exposure to isoprenaline resulted in a marked transient increase in amylase output.

  7. 7.

    The action of stimulants exciting cholinergic and α-adrenergic receptors is entirely dependent on extracellular Ca2+ whereas the action of stimulants exciting adrenergic β-receptors is relatively independent of Ca2+. Mn2+ immediately inhibits ACh-evoked amylase secretion probably by reducing Ca2+-influx. Mn2+ is, however also a stimulant of amylase secretion probably acting by displacing membrane-bound cell Ca2+.

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Petersen, O.H., Ueda, N., Hall, R.A. et al. The role of calcium in parotid amylase secretion evoked by excitation of cholinergic, α- andβ-adrenergic receptors. Pflugers Arch. 372, 231–237 (1977). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01063857

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Key words

  • Parotid
  • Amylase secretion
  • Calcium
  • Manganese
  • α- and β-Adrenoceptor
  • Acetylcholine