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Effect of pentobarbital, chloralose, and urethane on inhibitory postsynaptic potentials of cortical neurons

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The effect of pentobarbital, chloralose, and urethane on IPSPs arising in auditory cortical neurons in response to electrical stimulation of geniculocortical fibers was studied in experiments on cats immobilized with D-tubocurarine. Pentobarbital (60–80 mg/kg body weight, intraperitoneally) sharply reduced the number of neurons responding by spikes to geniculocortical stimulation. Only short-latency responses remained. The number of neurons responding with IPSPs was unchanged. Pentobarbital increased the duration of the IPSPs by 1.5–2 times and shortened their latent periods. Under the influence of chloralose (60 mg/kg, intraperitoneally) the number of responses of EPSP—spike—IPSP type was increased and the duration of the IPSPs also was increased by 3–4 times. The latent period of the primary IPSPs was shortened. Unlike pentobarbital and chloralose, urethane (1000 mg/kg, intravenously) reduced the duration of the IPSPs to 30 msec. About 2% of IPSPs recorded before anesthesia had a latent period of 1.0–1.5 msec. Under the influence of anesthesia the relative number of these IPSPs increased to 5.7%. It it postulated that they are monosynaptic. The mechanism of action of general anesthetics on the cortical inhibitory system is discussed.

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Additional information

A. A. Bogomolets Institute of Physiology, Academy of Sciences of the Ukrainian SSR, Kiev. Translated from Neirofiziologiya, Vol. 6, No. 4, pp. 339–349, July–August, 1974.

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Serkov, F.N., Yanovskii, E.S. & Tal'nov, A.N. Effect of pentobarbital, chloralose, and urethane on inhibitory postsynaptic potentials of cortical neurons. Neurophysiology 6, 263–271 (1974). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01063477

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  • Body Weight
  • Electrical Stimulation
  • Latent Period
  • Cortical Neuron
  • Pentobarbital