The morphology and topography of neurons whose axons form the nonspecific thalamic input in the primary somatosensory area were studied in the cat forebrain by the retrograde axonal horseradish peroxidase transport method. Stained cells were found in the dorsolateral part of the nucleus ventralis anterior, and were diffusely distributed in the nucleus centralis, lateralis, the lateral part of the nucleus dorsalis medialis, and the dorsal part of the centrum medianum. In the nucleus paracentralis only solitary, palely stained neurons were detected. Cells stained with horse-radish peroxidase were multipolar, triangular, or fusiform. The results are evidence that besides the ventrobasal complex, the nonspecific nuclei of the diencephalon also project into the somatosensory cortex. This indicates the existence of multiple afferent thalamic inputs into the somatic cortex.
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Ermolaeva, V.Y., Brukhanskaya, N.A., Kratin, Y.G. et al. Horseradish peroxidase-positive neurons of nonspecific thalamic nuclei projecting to the primary somatosensory cortex in cats. Neurophysiology 11, 321–325 (1979). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01062994
- Horseradish Peroxidase
- Lateral Part
- Somatosensory Cortex
- Thalamic Nucleus
- Nucleus Centralis