Deviation-amplifying mutual causal systems provide a framework for the analysis of a number of problems that characterize developing countries. This paper presents several examples of such cause-effect loops and shows that the difficulty with developing countries is a “vicious circle of vicious circles” or a “system of deviation-amplifying mutual causal systems.”
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Herrscher, E.G. Mutual causality in developing countries. Systems Practice 1, 305–311 (1988). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01062927
- less-developed countries (LDC)
- should-be countries
- mutual causal systems
- second cybernetics