Oxidation of Metals

, Volume 44, Issue 3–4, pp 429–452 | Cite as

Study of the initial oxidation of a Ni-20Cr alloy in the temperature range 550–830°C: Influence of mechanical deformation

  • J. F. Schmitt
  • N. Pacia
  • P. Pigeat
  • B. Weber


The influence of a uniaxial deformation on the initial oxidation rate of a Ni-20Cr polycrystalline alloy was studied between 550 and 830°C at 10−4 Pa of oxygen. At 550, 650, and 750°C, it was shown that the defects induced by a mechanical predeformation accelerate chromium-oxide formation on the alloy surface. This homogeneous oxide film is characteristic of the low-pressure-oxidation conditions. The film appeared on the sample after various incubation periods for the experimental conditions used. Microanalyses (scanning Auger microanalyses, composition profiles) reveal that growth of this oxide is heterogeneous and that it needs preferential orientations with the substrate. Furthermore, near chromium-oxide areas, an incorporation of oxygen at concentrations higher than the solubility was noted. At 830°C, this chromium oxide does not grow, because the superficial defects disappear by thermal annealing and the oxygen incorporation does not apparently depend on mechanical deformation.

Key Words

Ni-20Cr alloy low-pressure oxidation mechanical predeformation A.E.S. 


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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. F. Schmitt
    • 1
  • N. Pacia
    • 2
  • P. Pigeat
    • 2
  • B. Weber
    • 2
  1. 1.Laboratoire d'Energétique et de Mécanique Théorique et Appliquée (URA CNRS 875), INPLEcole Nationale Supérieure d'Electricité et de MécaniqueVandoeuvre CedexFrance
  2. 2.Laboratoire de Science et Génie des Surfaces (URA CNRS 1402), INPLEcole des MinesNancy CedexFrance

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