Advertisement

Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Transfer of cadmium in a phytoplankton-oyster-mouse food chain

  • 52 Accesses

  • 9 Citations

Abstract

The trophic transfer of cadmium (Cd) was studied in a phytoplankton-oyster-mouse food chain. Phytoplankton, grown in a continuous culture chemostat system containing CdCl2 plus the isotope109Cd, accumulated 70% of the total supplied cadmium. Oysters filtered out 85 to 95% of the phytoplankton. The rate of oyster Cd accumulation at 15 C increased linearly with seawater Cd concentration according to: y=0.066X − 0.15 (n =12, r=0.96); where X=μg Cd/L seawater (between 2 and 22) and y=μg Cd/g dry wt oyster/ day. About 59% of the Cd accumulated by the oysters came from the phytoplankton food source and 41% from the cadmium dissolved in the water. Sixty-one percent of the total supplied cadmium was retained in the whole soft body of the osyters. Mice fed 0.4 μg of oyster-bound Cd per g of diet, retained 0.83% of the dietary cadmium consumed. Mouse kidney retention for organic oyster-bound cadmium was 0.14%. Extrapolation of these results to human risk assessment indicates that moderate consumption of oysters, which are not highly contaminated with cadmium, poses no significant health risk in terms of elevating kidney cadmium levels.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. Amiard JC, Amiard-Triquet C (1977) Health and ecological aspects of cobalt-60 transfer in seawater food chain typical of an intertidal mud-flat. Intern J Environ Studies 10:113–118

  2. Bryan GW, Uysal H (1978) Heavy metals in the burrowing bivalveScrobicularia plana from the Tamar estuary in relation to environmental levels. J Mar Biol Assoc UK 58:89–108

  3. Bureau of Foods (1975) Compliance Program Evaluation, FY1974. Heavy Metals in Foods Survey. U.S. Food and Drug Administration, Washington, DC

  4. Butterworth J, Lester P, Nickless G (1972) Distribution of heavy metals in the Severn Estuary. Mar Pollut Bull 3:72–74

  5. Conway HL (1978) Sorption of arsenic and cadmium and their effects on growth micronutrient utilization and photosynthetic pigment composition ofAstrionella formosa. J Fish Res Board Can 35(3):286–294

  6. Cossa D (1976) Sorption due cadmium par une population de las diatomeePhaeodactylum tricornutum en culture. Mar Biol 34:163–167

  7. Eaton A (1976) Marine geochemistry of cadmium. Mar Chem 4:141–154

  8. Eisler R, Zaroogian GE, Hennekey RJ (1972) Cadmium uptake by marine organisms. J Fish Res Board Can 29:1367–1369

  9. Epifanio CE, Ewart J (1977) Maximum ration of four algae diets for the oysterC. virginica. Aquaculture 11:13–29

  10. Flanagan PR, McLellan JS, Haist J, Cherian MG, Chamberlain MJ, Valberg LS (1978) Increased dietary cadmium absorption in mice and human subjects with iron deficiency. Gastroenterology 74:841–846

  11. Fowler SW, Heyraud M, La Rosa J (1978) Factors affecting methyl and inorganic mercury dynamics in mussels and shrimp. Mar Biol 46:267–276

  12. Fox MRS (1976) Cadmium metabolism-a review of aspects pertinent to evaluating dietary cadmium intake by man. In: Prasad, AS (ed) Trace Elements in Human Health and Disease, Vol. II. Academic Press, New York

  13. Friberg L, Piscator M, Nordberg G (1971) Cadmium in the environment, I. CRC Press, Cleveland, 258 pp

  14. George SC, Pirie B (1979) The occurrence of cadmium in subcellular particles in the kidney of the marine musselMytillus edulis, exposed to cadmium, the use of electron microscope analysis. Biochim Biophys Acta 580:234–244

  15. George, SC (1981) Pathways of heavy metal metabolism in marine shellfish. In: Proc. International Conference on Heavy Metals in the Environment. September, Geneva World Health Organization, Amsterdam, pp. 273–276

  16. Guillard R (1975) Culture of phytoplankton for feeding marine invertebrates. In: Smith WL, Chanley MH (eds) Culture of marine invertebrate animals. Plenum, New York, pp. 29–60

  17. Hall RA, Zook EG, Meaburn GM (1978) National Marine Fisheries Service Survey of Trace Elements in the Fishery Resource. NOAA Technical Report NOAA-TR-NMFS-SSRF-721, Seattle, 320 pp

  18. Hamilton DL, Valberg LS (1974) Relationship between cadmium and iron absorption. Am J Physiol 227:1033–1037

  19. Hardy JT, Roesijadi G (1982) Bioaccumulation kinetics and organ distribution of nickel in the marine clam (Protothaca staminea). Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 25:566–572

  20. Hart BA, Bertram PE, Scaife BD (1979) Cadmium transport byChlorella pyrenoidosa. Environ Res 18:327–335

  21. Higgins PJ (1980) Effects of food availability on the valve movements and feeding behavior of juvenileCrassostrea virginica. I. Valve Movements and Periodic Activity. J Exp Mar Biol Ecol 45:229–244

  22. Holmes, CW, Slade EA, McLerran CJ (1974) Migration and redistribution of zinc and cadmium in marine estuarine system. Environ Sci Technol 8(3):255–259

  23. Janssen HH, Scholz N (1979) Uptake and cellular distribution of cadmium inMytilus edulis. Mar Biol 55:133–141

  24. Jennings JR, PS Rainbow (1979) Accumulation of cadmium byArtemia salina. Mar Biol 51(1):47–53

  25. Luoma SM (1983) Bioavailability of trace metals to aquatic organisms-a review. In: Proc. of the 21st Hanford Life Sciences Symposium, Sci Total Environ 28:1–22

  26. Luoma SN, Jenne EA (1976) Estimating bioavailability of sediment-bound trace metals with chemical extractants. In: Hemphill DD (ed). Trace Substances in Environmental Health-X. University of Missouri, Columbia, pp. 343–351

  27. McKee JE, Wolf HW (1963) Water quality criteria, 2nd edn. Sacramento, California State Water Quality Control Board Publ. 3-A:548 pp

  28. McLean MW, Williamson FB (1977) Cadmium accumulation by the marine red algaPorphyra umbilicalis. Physiol Plant 41(4):268–272

  29. Nordberg GF (1972) Cadmium metabolism and toxicity. Environ Physiol Biochem 2:7

  30. Nriagu JO (1980) Production, uses and properties of cadmium. In: Nriagu JO (ed) Cadmium in the Environment. Part I. Ecological Cycling. Wiley, New York, pp. 35–70

  31. Ridlington JW, Fowler BA (1979) Isolation and partial characterization of a cadmium-binding protein from the American oyster (Crassostrea virginica). Chem-Biol Interactions 25:127–128

  32. Schulz-Baldes M (1974) Lead uptake from sea water and food, and lead loss in the common musselMytilus edulis. Mar Biol 25:177–193

  33. Shuster CN Jr, Pringle BH (1969) Trace metal accumulation by the American eastern oyster,Crassostrea virginica. Proc Natl Shellfisheries Assoc 59:91–103

  34. Siewicki TC, Sydlowski JS, Webb ES (1983) The nature of cadmium binding in commercial eastern oysters (Crassostrea virginica). Arch Environ Contam Toxicol 12:299–304

  35. Sullivan MF, Hardy JT, Miller BM, Buschbom RL, Siewicki TC (in press) Absorption and distribution of cadmium in mice fed oyster-bound or inorganic cadmium. J Toxicol and Exper Pharmacol

  36. Valberg LS, Haist J, Cherian MG, Delaquerriére-Richardson L, Goyer RA (1977) Cadmium-induced enteropathy: comparative toxicity of cadmium chloride and cadmium-thionein. J Toxicol Environ Health 2:963–975

  37. Yasumura S, Vartsky D, Ellis KJ, Conn SH (1980) An overview of cadmium in human beings. In: Nriagu, JO (ed) Cadmium in the Environment. Part I. Ecological Cycling. Wiley, New York, pp. 12–34

  38. Yonge CM (1965) Oysters. Collins, London, 209 pp

  39. Zaroogian GE, Cheer S (1976) Accumulation of cadmium by the American oyster,Crassostrea virginica. Nature 261:408

Download references

Author information

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Hardy, J.T., Sullivan, M.F., Crecelius, E.A. et al. Transfer of cadmium in a phytoplankton-oyster-mouse food chain. Arch. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 13, 419–425 (1984). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01056257

Download citation

Keywords

  • Cadmium
  • Phytoplankton
  • Mouse Kidney
  • Culture Chemostat
  • Cadmium Level