The acute and chronic toxicities of a simulated refinery effluent and its components toMysidopsis bahia were examined. The 96 hr LC50 forM. bahia was 4.7% of the Artificial Refinery Mixture (ARM). The mysid was more sensitive than an estuarine fish and grass shrimp, as well as 17 freshwater organisms previously tested. Fuel oil was the most toxic component of the ARM (96 hr LC50 0.73 mg/l) and contributed disproportionately to the toxicity of the mixture. Chronic exposure to 2.7% of the ARM formulation resulted in growth inhibition by day 8 and reproductive impairment. Long-term exposure to the 96 hr LC10 had deleterious effects on growth and/or reproduction for each component tested.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Price includes VAT for USA
Subscribe to journal
Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.
This is the net price. Taxes to be calculated in checkout.
Anderson, J. W., J. M. Neff, B. A. Cox, H. E. Tatem, and G. M. Hightower: Characteristics of dispersions and water-soluble extracts of crude and refined oils and their toxicity to estuarine crustaceans and fish. Mar. Biol.27, 75 (1974).
Barr, A. J., J. H. Goodnight, J. P. Sall, and J. T. Helwig: A user's guide to SAS76. Raleigh, NC: SAS Institute Inc. (1976).
Borthwick, P. W.: Methods for acute static toxicity tests with mysid shrimp (Mysidopsis bahia), In Bioassay procedures for the ocean disposal permit program. Washington, DC: EPA-600/9-78-010, 61 (1978).
Buikema, A. L., Jr., and E. F. Benfield: Use of macroinvertebrate life information in toxicity tests. J. Fish. Res. Board Can.30, 321 (1979).
Buikema, A. L., Jr., D. R. Lee, and John Cairns, Jr.: A screening bioassay usingDaphnia pulex for refinery wastes discharged into freshwater. J. Test. Eval.4(2), 119 (1976).
Buikema, A. L., Jr., B. R. Niederlehner, and J. Cairns, Jr.: Toxicant effects on reproduction and disruption of the egg-length relationship in grass shrimp. Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol.24, 31 (1980).
Clutter, R. I.: The microdistribution and social behavior of some pelagic mysid shrimp. J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. 125 (1969).
Clutter, R. I., and G. H. Theilacker: Ecological efficiency of a pelagic mysid shrimp; estimates from growth, energy budget, and mortality studies. Fish. Bull.69(1), 93 (1971).
Cox, B. A.: Responses of the marine crustaceansMysidopsis almyra Bowman,Penaeus aztecus Ives, andPenaeus setiferus (Linn.) to petroleum hydrocarbons, Ph.D. dissertation. College Station, TX, Texas A & M. (1974).
Eisler, R., and R. J. Hennekey: Acute toxicities of Cd2+, Cr−6, Hg2+, Ni2+, and Zn2+ to estuarine macrofauna. Arch. Environ. Contam. Toxicol.6, 315 (1977).
Epifanio, C. E., and R. F. Srna: Toxicity of ammonia, nitrite ion, nitrate ion and orthophosphate toMercenaria mercenaria andcrassostrea virginica. Mar. Biol.33, 241 (1975).
Hall, L. W., Jr., A. L. Buikema, Jr., and J. Cairns, Jr.: The effects of a simulated refinery effluent on the grass shrimp,Palaemonetes pugio. Arch. Environ. Contam. Toxicol.7, 23 (1978).
Lee, D. R.: Development of an invertebrate bioassay to screen petroleum refinery effluents discharged into freshwater, Ph. D. dissertation. Blacksburg, Virginia: Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (1976).
Neff, J. M., J. W. Anderson, B. A. Cox, R. B. Laughlin, Jr., S. S. Rossi, and H. E. Tatem: Effects of petroleum on survival, respiration, and growth of marine animals, In Sources, effects and sinks of hydrocarbons in the aquatic environment, p. 516. Proc. Symp. August 9–11 (1976).
Nimmo, D. R., L. H. Bahner, R. A. Rigby, J. M. Sheppard, and A. J. Wilson, Jr.:Mysidopsis bahia: an estuarine species suitable for life-cycle toxicity tests to determine the effects of a pollutant, In F. L. Mayer and J. L. Hamelink (eds.): Aquatic toxicology and hazard evaluation, STP 634, p. 109. Philadelphia, PA: American Society for Testing and Materials (1977).
Portman, J. E.: Results of acute toxicity tests with marine organisms using a standard method, In R. Jefe (ed.): Marine Pollution and sea life, p. 212. London: Fishing New Books (1972).
Rutherford, C. L., A. L. Buikema, Jr., D. R. Armant, and J. Cairns, Jr.: A simple method for screening petroleum effluents byin vitro enzyme inhibition. Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol.21, 79 (1979).
Tatem, H. E., B. A. Cox, and A. M. Anderson: The toxicity of oils and petroleum hydrocarbons to estuarine crustaceans. Estuarine Coastal Mar. Sci.6, 365 (1978).
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency: Petroleum refining point source category, effluent limitation guidelines and new source standards. Federal Register38 (240) (1973a).
-Water quality criteria. Washington, DC: EPA-R3 73-033, (1973b).
About this article
Cite this article
Buikema, A.L., Niederlehner, B.R. & Cairns, J. The effects of a simulated refinery effluent and its components on the estuarine crustacean,Mysidopsis bahia . Arch. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 10, 231–239 (1981). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01055624
- Waste Water
- Water Management
- Water Pollution
- Growth Inhibition