Advertisement

Indoor radon and well water radon in Virginia and Maryland

  • Douglas G. Mose
  • George W. Mushrush
  • Charles Chrosniak
Article

Abstract

The domestic use of radioactive water has long been a cause for concern, but only a few studies have examined prolonged exposure to radionuclide concentrations found in natural settings. This paper reports on the indoor radon concentrations from 1,500 homes in northern Virginia and southern Maryland and well water radon from 700 homes in the same area. Indoor radon concentrations are almost all between 1 and about 40 pCi/L. The winter season shows the highest values with about 40% of the homes over the US EPA action level of 4.0 pCi/L. The summer season shows the lowest values with about 25% of the homes over this level. This seasonal variation is related to home ventilation. Waterborne radon in homes with private well ranges from about 100 pCi/L to about 8,000 pCi/L. In small homes, indoor radon can be significantly increased by outgassing of the home water supply, even at water radon levels of less than 10,000 pCi/L.

Keywords

Waste Water Radionuclide Water Supply Seasonal Variation Radon 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Cothern CR (1987) Estimating the health risks of radon in drinking water. J Amer Water Works Assoc 79:153–158Google Scholar
  2. Hess CT, Weiffenbach CV, Norton SA (1982) Variations of airborne and waterborne Rn-222 in houses in Maine. Environ Int 8:59–66Google Scholar
  3. Kahlos H, Asikainen M (1980) Internal radiation doses from radioactivity of drinking water in Finland. Health Phys 39:108–111Google Scholar
  4. Kearfott KJ (1989) Preliminary experiences with222Rn gas in Arizona homes. Health Phys 56:169–179Google Scholar
  5. McGregor RG, Gourgon LA (1980) Radon and radon daughters in homes utilizing deep well water supplies, Halifax County, Nova Scotia. J Environ Sci Health 15:25–35Google Scholar
  6. Mushrush GW, Mose DG, Chrosniak CE (1989) Indoor radon in northern Virginia: Seasonal changes and correlations with geology. Episodes 12:6–9Google Scholar
  7. Mushrush GW, Mose DG (1989) The effect of home construction on indoor radon in Virginia and Maryland. Environ Int 14:395–402Google Scholar
  8. Nazaroff WW, Doyle SM, Nero AV Jr, Sextro RG (1988) Radon entry via potable water: in Radon and Its Decay Products in Indoor Air. Nazaroff WW, Nero Jr AV (eds) John Wiley and Sons, pp 131–57Google Scholar
  9. Prichard HM, Gesell TF (1981) An estimate of population exposure due to radon in public water supplies in the area of Houston, Texas. Health Phys 41:599–606Google Scholar
  10. Prichard HM (1987) The transfer of radon from domestic water to indoor air. J Amer Water Works Assoc 79:159–161Google Scholar
  11. United States Environmental Protection Agency (1987a) Radon reduction methods, a homeowner's guide (second edition). U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Publication OPA-87-010, 21 PPGoogle Scholar
  12. — (1987b) Removal of radon from household water. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Publication OPA-87-011, 10 ppGoogle Scholar
  13. — (1987c) Radon reference manual. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Publication 520/1-87-20, 140 ppGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Douglas G. Mose
    • 1
  • George W. Mushrush
    • 1
  • Charles Chrosniak
    • 1
  1. 1.Center of Basic and Applied ScienceGeorge Mason UniversityFairfaxUSA

Personalised recommendations