Public Choice

, Volume 80, Issue 3–4, pp 339–358 | Cite as

Explaining differences in productive efficiency: An application to Belgian municipalities

  • B. de Borger
  • K. Kerstens
  • W. Moesen
  • J. Vanneste


The purpose of this paper is to measure and explain variations in productive efficiency of municipal governments in Belgium. Technical efficiency is evaluated using a non-parametric method based on the Free Disposal Hull (FDH) reference technology. We first calculate input, output, and graph Farrell efficiency measures for a cross-section of all 589 Belgian municipalities. In a second stage of the analysis we explain the calculated differences in efficiency in terms of variables related to the structural characteristics of municipalities and to the institutional environment.


Structural Characteristic Public Finance Technical Efficiency Productive Efficiency Institutional Environment 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. de Borger
    • 1
  • K. Kerstens
    • 2
  • W. Moesen
    • 3
    • 1
  • J. Vanneste
    • 1
  1. 1.University of AntwerpBelgium
  2. 2.KUBBrussels
  3. 3.KULLeuven

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