The TFTR Lithium Blanket Module program
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The Lithium Blanket Module (LBM) is an approximately 80×80×80 cm cubic module, representative of a helium-cooled lithium oxide fusion reactor blanket module, that will be installed on the TFTR (Tokamak Fusion Test Reactor) in late 1986. The principal objective of the LBM Program is to perform a series of neutron transport and tritium-breeding measurements throughout the LBM when it is exposed to the TFTR toroidal fusion neutron source, and to compare these data with the predictions of Monte Carlo (MCNP) neutronics codes. The LBM consists of 920 2.5-cm diameter breeder rods constructed of lithium oxide (Li2O) pellets housed in thin-walled stainless steel tubes. Procedures for mass-producing 25,000 Li2O pellets with satisfactory reproducibility were developed using purified Li2O powder, and fabrication of all the breeder rods was completed in early 1985. Tritium assay methods were investigated experimentally using both small lithium metal samples and LBM-type pellets. This work demonstrated that the thermal extraction method will be satisfactory for accurate evaluation of the minute concentrations of tritium expected in the LBM pellets (0.1–1 nCi/g).
Key wordsblanket lithium neutronics tokamak tritium
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