Fertilizer research

, Volume 17, Issue 2, pp 153–164 | Cite as

Fertilizer requirement of rice-wheat and maize-wheat rotations on coarse-textured soils amended with farmyard manure

  • M. S. Maskina
  • Bijay-Singh
  • Yadvinder-Singh
  • H. S. Baddesha
  • O. P. Meelu


Field experiments with rice-wheat rotation were conducted during five consecutive years on a coarse-textured low organic matter soil. By amending the soil with 12t FYM ha−1, the yield of wetland rice in the absence of fertilizers was increased by 32 per cent. Application of 80 kg N ha−1 as urea could increase the grain yield of rice equivalent to 120 kg N ha−1 on the unamended soil. Although the soil under test was low in Olsen's P, rice did not respond to the application of phosphorus on both amended and unamended soils. For producing equivalent grain yield, fertilizer requirement of maize grown on soils amended with 6 and 12 t FYM ha−1 could be reduced, respectively to 50 and 25 per cent of the dose recommended for unamended soil (120 kg N + 26.2 kg P + 25 kg K ha−1). Grain yield of wheat grown after rice on soils amended with FYM was significantly higher than that obtained on unamended soil. In contrast, grain yield of wheat which followed maize did not differ significantly on amended or unamended soils.

Key words

farmyard manure maize nitrogen phosphorus rice wheat 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Bhajan-Singh and Brar SPS (1985) Effect of organic manures and nitrogen on grain yield and soil properties in a maize-wheat rotation. J Res Punjab Agril Univ 22: 243–252Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Formoli GN and Prasad R (1979) Effect of farmyard manure and phosphorus and potassium fertilizer on soil properties in rice-wheat rotation. J Agric Sci Camb 92: 359–362Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Gambrell RP and Patrick WH Jr (1979) Chemical and microbiological properties of anaerobic soils and sediments. In: Plant Life in Anaerobic Environments. (Eds DD Hook and RMM Crawford) Ann Arbor: Ann Arbor Sci PublGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Gill HS and Meelu OP (1982) Studies on the substitution of inorganic fertilizers with organic manure and their effect on soil fertility in rice-wheat rotation. Fert Res 3: 303–314Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Katyal JC (1980) Influence of farmyard manure on the chemical kinetics and growth of rice in a submerged vertisol. Field Crops Res 3: 137–145Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Katyal JC, Bijay-Singh, Vlek PLG and Craswell ET (1985) Fate and efficiency of nitrogen fertilizer applied to wetland rice II. Punjab, India. Fert Res 6: 279–290Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Kulkarni KR, Hukkeri SB and Sharma OP (1978) Development of the complimentary use of mineral fertilizers and organic materials in India. Proc India/FAO/Norway Seminar New Delhi: Ministry of Agriculture and IrrigationGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Meelu OP and Bhajan-Singh (1978) Scope and efficiency of combined use of organic material and chemical fertilizers. Proc India/FAO/Norway Seminar New Delhi: Ministry of Agriculture and IrrigationGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Olsen SR, Cole CV, Watanabe FS and Dean LA (1954) Estimation of available phosphorus by extraction with sodium bicarbonate. USDA Circ No. 939Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Ponnamperuma FN (1972) The chemistry of submerged soils. Adv Agron 24: 29–96Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Sharma KN, Bijay-Singh, Rana DS, Kapur ML and Sodhi JS (1984) Changes in soil fertility status as influenced by continuous cropping and fertilizer application. J Agric Sci Camb 102: 215–218Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Stanford G, Epstein E and Schwaninger DH (1973) Temperature coefficient of soil N mineralization. Soil Sci 115: 321–323Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Subbiah BV and Asija GL (1956) A rapid procedure for the estimation of available nitrogen in soil. Current Sci 25: 259–260Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Walkley A and Black IA (1934) An examination of the Degtjareff method for determining soil organic matter and a proposed modification of the chromic acid titration method. Soil Sci 37: 29–38Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. S. Maskina
    • 1
  • Bijay-Singh
    • 1
  • Yadvinder-Singh
    • 1
  • H. S. Baddesha
    • 1
  • O. P. Meelu
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of SoilsPunjab Agricultural UniversityLudhianaIndia

Personalised recommendations