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Journal of Insect Behavior

, Volume 4, Issue 4, pp 489–500 | Cite as

Role of volatile infochemicals in foraging behavior of the leafminer parasitoidDacnusa sibirica (Diptera: Agromyzidae)

  • Marcel Dicke
  • Oscar P. J. M. Minkenberg
Article

Abstract

Previous investigations suggested that the leafminer parasitoid Dacnusa sibirica Telenga does not use a volatile hostrelated infochemical in foraging for hosts. Parasitoids landed with equal frequencies on an uninfested tomato plant and on a tomato plant infested with larvae of the leafminer Liriomyza bryoniae (Kalt.) (Hendrikse et al., 1980). In contrast, we found that volatile infochemicals emitted by uninfested and leafminer-infested tomato plants differently affected the parasitoid 's foraging behavior in a windtunnel. This was obvious from the proportion of wasps flying upwind but not from the proportion of wasps landing on the leaves. Latency time on an uninfested tomato leaflet and proportion of latency time devoted to preflight antennal behavior were influenced by the presence of upwind infested or uninfested tomato leaves. However, these parameters were not affected by odors in the absence of visual plant stimuli. Our data provide a new view on foraging behavior of Dacnusa sibirica.

Key words

Hymenoptera Braconidae Dacnusa sibirica Diptera Agromyzidae Liriomyza bryoniae foraging behavior volatile infochemicals wind tunnel anemotaxis learning 

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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marcel Dicke
    • 1
  • Oscar P. J. M. Minkenberg
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of EntomologyAgricultural UniversityWageningenThe Netherlands

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