Advertisement

Journal of Insect Behavior

, Volume 5, Issue 1, pp 71–82 | Cite as

The use of spatial cues for structural guideline orientation inTapinoma sessile andCamponotus pennsylvanicus (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)

  • J. H. Klotz
  • B. L. Reid
Article

Abstract

Camponotus pennsylvanicus(DeGeer) and Tapinoma sessile(Say) exploit structural elements as guide-lines in their topographic orientation. This research documents the response of T. sessileand C. pennsylvanicusto a series of thigmotactic, gravitational, chemotactic, and phototactic cues while utilizing structural guidelines. Adherence to these guidelines is more pronounced on vertical than on horizontal surfaces and more pronounced in darkness than in daylight. Orientation switches from a crestline on the horizontal to a groove on the vertical. Light and odor trails serve an important role as distance cues in structural guideline orientation. The hierarchy of orientation cues and the adaptive significance of these ant's exploitation of structural guidelines are discussed.

Key words

Insecta Camponotus pennsylvanicus Tapinoma sessile structural guideline orientation orientation cues 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Bell, W. J., and Adiyodi, K. G. (1981).The American Cockroach, Chapman and Hall, New York.Google Scholar
  2. Berthold, R., Jr., and Wilson, B. R. (1967). Resting behavior of the German cockroach,Blattella germanica (L.).Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 60: 347–351.Google Scholar
  3. Bonnet, C. (1779). Observation XLIII. Sur procede des fourmis.Deuvres Hist. Nat. Philos. 1: 535–536.Google Scholar
  4. Burns, D. P. (1973). The foraging and tending behavior ofDolichoderus taschenbergi (Hymenoptera: Formicidae).Can. Entomol. 105: 97–104.Google Scholar
  5. Hansen, L. D., and Akre, R. D. (1990). Biology of carpenter ants. In Vander Meer, R. K., Jaffe, K., and Cedeno, A. (eds.),Applied Myrmecology, Westview Press, Boulder, Colo., pp. 274–280.Google Scholar
  6. Harada, A. Y. (1990). Ant pests of the Tapinomini tribe. In Vander Meer, R. K., Jaffe, K., and Cedeno, A. (eds.),Applied Myrmecology, Westview Press, Boulder, Colo., pp. 298–315.Google Scholar
  7. Hollander, M., and Wolfe, D. A. (1973).Nonparametric Statistical Methods, John Wiley & Sons, New York.Google Scholar
  8. Jander, R. (1957). Die optische Richtungsorientierung der Roten Waldameise(Formica rufa L.).Z. Vergleichende Physiol 40: 162–238.Google Scholar
  9. Jander, R. (1977). Orientation ecology. In Grzimek, B. (ed.),Encyclopedia of Ethology, Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York. pp. 145–163.Google Scholar
  10. Jander, R. (1990). Arboreal search in ants: Search on branches (Hymenoptera: Formicidae).J. Insect Behav. 3: 515–527.Google Scholar
  11. Jander, R., and Daumer, K. (1974). Guide-line and gravity orientation of blind termites foraging in the open (Termitidae:Macrotermes, Hospitalitermes).Insectes Soc. 21: 45–69.Google Scholar
  12. Klotz, J. H. (1984). Diel differences in foraging in two ant species (Hymenoptera: Formicidae).J. Kans. Entomol. Soc. 57: 111–118.Google Scholar
  13. Klotz, J. H. (1986). Topographic orientation in two species of ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae).Insectes Soc. 34: 236–251.Google Scholar
  14. Klotz, J. H., Cole, S. L., and Kuhns, H. R. (1985). Crest-line orientation inCamponotus pennsylvanicus (DeGeer).Insectes Soc. 32: 305–312.Google Scholar
  15. SAS Institute (1990).SAS Procedures Guide, SAS Institute, Cary, N.C.Google Scholar
  16. Schone, H. (1984).Spatial Orientation, Princeton University Press, Princeton, N.J.Google Scholar
  17. Topoff, H., and Lawson, K. (1979). Orientation of the army antNeivamyrmex nigrescens: Integration of chemical and tactile information.Anim. Behav. 27: 429–433.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. H. Klotz
    • 1
  • B. L. Reid
    • 1
  1. 1.Center for Urban and Industrial Pest Management, Department of EntomologyPurdue UniversityWest Lafayette

Personalised recommendations