Social Justice Research

, Volume 4, Issue 3, pp 169–185 | Cite as

Focus of attention and locus of control as moderators of fraternal justice effects

  • Keith James
  • Russell Cropanzano


The influence of a colleague's performance outcomes on individual's own subsequent performance was investigated. Internal and external locus of control subjects were given information about another person's outcome which indicated two things about organizational standards: how easy or difficult they were to meet and how stringently they were applied. An attentional focus manipulation was employed to influence how subjects used this information. Half of the subjects received a group-focus manipulation and the other half a self-focus one. We proposed that perceived difficulty of standards and stringency of application would interact with attentional focus and subject locus of control to alter subject's own subsequent performances. This expectation was supported by the data. Theoretical and applied implications of this result are discussed.

Key words

performance equity theory procedural justice attentional focus locus of control performance standards 


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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Keith James
    • 1
  • Russell Cropanzano
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyColorado State UniversityFt. Collins

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