Conserved sequences in bacterial and viral sialidases
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The genes of the bacterial sialidases fromClostridium sordellii G12,C. perfringens A99,Salmonella typhimurium LT-2 andVibrio cholerae 395 sequenced so far were examined for homologies and were compared with sequences of viral sialidases.
Each of the bacterial sialidases contains a short sequence of twelve amino-acids, which is repeated at four positions in the protein. All these sequences exhibit significant similarities. Comparing the repeated sequences of the four sialidases, five amino-acids were found to be highly conserved at defined positions: Ser-X-Asp-X-Gly-X-Thr-Trp. Additionally, most of the distances betweeen the four repeated regions are also conserved among the different sialidases. The conserved bacterial sequences show similarity with sialidases of influenza A H7N1 and H13N9.
Key wordssialidase sequence homologies Clostridium perfringens C. sordellii Salmonella typhimurium Vibrio cholerae Influenza A virus
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