Advertisement

International Journal of Biometeorology

, Volume 32, Issue 2, pp 134–143 | Cite as

The effect of weather on mood, productivity, and frequency of emotional crisis in a temperate continental climate

  • A. G. Barnston
Original Articles

Abstract

A group of 62 mostly university student subjects kept structured diaries of their feelings and their productivity for six weeks in Illinois in early autumn. During the same period, daily frequency of telephone calls to a crisis intervention service in the same community was monitored, and complete daily weather data for the vicinity were provided by a local meteorological research facility. Major findings are as follows. The weather appears to influence mood and productivity, but only to a smallextent compared with the aggregate of all other controlling factors. Males show a relatively stronger effect than females. Psychologically troubled people generally appear to be more affected by weather than university students. The students and the crisis intervention service clients with “mild” problems tend to be stressed more when the weather is unstable, cloudy, warm and humid, and least stressed during sunny, dry, cool weather with rising barometric pressure. The crisis service clients with “severe” problems react oppositely to these two weather types. The meaning of these and other results and the strengths and weaknesses of this study's design are discussed.

Key words

Psychology Weather Mood Emotional crisis frequency Productivity Temperate climate 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Berg M, Tausig M, Heath H, Necheles H (1968) Incidence of peptic ulcer complications, their relation to climate and age. Am J Gastroenterol 50:107–115Google Scholar
  2. Chambers WN (1956) Seasonal variation in military neuropsychiatric admissions. J Nerv Ment Dis 123:480–483Google Scholar
  3. Dordick I (1958) The influence of variations in atmospheric pressure upon human beings. Weather 13:359–363Google Scholar
  4. Findikyan N, Sells SB (1964) Some relations of meteorological variables to day-to-day fluctuations in subjective feeling. In: Dimensions of stimulus situations which account for behavior variance. Contract Nonr-3436 (00), Group Psychology Branch, Office of Naval Research, Research Note No. 1Google Scholar
  5. Friedman H, Becker RO, Bachman CH (1963) Geomagnetic parameters and psychiatric hospital admissions. Nature 200:626–628Google Scholar
  6. Guttman L (1954) Some necessary conditions for common-factor analysis. Psychometrika 19:149–161Google Scholar
  7. Hansen JB (1970) The relation between barometric pressure and incidence of peripheral arterial embolism. Int J Biometeorol 14:391–397Google Scholar
  8. Hansen JB, Pedersen SA (1972) The relation between barometric pressure and the incidence of perforated duodenal ulcers. Int J Biometeorol 16:85–91Google Scholar
  9. Hauck PA, Armstrong R (1959) Seasonal patterns by sex in admission rates to a state hospital. Psychol Newsl 10:215–221Google Scholar
  10. Kaiser HF (1958) The Varimax criterion for analytic rotation in factor analysis. Psychometrika 23:187–200Google Scholar
  11. Kaiser HF (1959) Computer program for Varimax rotation in factor analysis. Educ Psychol Meas 19:413–420Google Scholar
  12. Langman MJS (1964) The seasonal incidence of bleeding from the upper gastrointestinal tract. Gut 5:142–144Google Scholar
  13. Moos WS (1963) The effects of “foehn” weather on the human population in the principality of Liechtenstein. Aerosp Med 34:736–739Google Scholar
  14. Moos WS (1964) The effects of “foehn” weather on accident rates in the city of Zurich (Switzerland). Aerosp Med 35:643–645Google Scholar
  15. Muecher H, Ungeheuer H (1961) Meteorological influence on reaction time, flicker fusion frequency, job accidents, and use of medical treatment. Percept Mot Skills 12:163–168Google Scholar
  16. Persinger MA (1975) Lag responses in mood reports to changes in the weather matrix. Int J Biometeorol 19:108–114Google Scholar
  17. Pokorny AD, Davis F, Harberson W (1963) Suicide, suicide attempts and weather. Am J Psychiatry 120:377–381Google Scholar
  18. Sanders JL, Brizzolara MS (1982) Relationship between weather and mood. J General Psychol 107:155–156Google Scholar
  19. Schlossberg MA (1974) Weather and medical attention-seeking behavior. A correlative study of weather variables and applications for medical attention at a total emergency hospital facility. Submitted as thesis to Department of Psychology, Oakland UniversityGoogle Scholar
  20. Will DP, Sells SB (1969) Prediction of police incidents and accidents by meteorological variables. In: Dimensions of stimulus situations which account for behavior variance. Contract No. Nonr-3436(00), Group Psychology Branch, Office of Naval Research, Technical Report No. 14Google Scholar

Copyright information

© International Society of Biometeorology 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. G. Barnston
    • 1
  1. 1.Climate Analysis CenterNMC, NWS, NOAA, W/NMC51Washington, DCUSA

Personalised recommendations