Journal of gambling behavior

, Volume 4, Issue 1, pp 3–12 | Cite as

Gambling behaviors among high school students in the Quebec area

  • Robert Ladouceur
  • Chantal Mireault


A sample of 1,612 adolescents from nine different high schools in the region of Québec city completed a questionnaire developed by Lesieur and Klein (1987) concerning their gambling behavior. Seventy-six percent had gambled once in their lifetime, 65% placed a bet in the last year and 24% gambled at least once a week. Of those who had gambled, 5.6% wanted to stop playing but reported they were unable to do so, while 1.7% were considered to be pathological gamblers. Practical and social implications of these results are discussed.


High School High School Student Pathological Gambler Gambling Behavior Social Implication 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Abt, V., Smith, J.F., & Christiansen, E.M. (1985).The business of risk: Commercial gambling in mainstream America. Lawrence: University of Kansas Press.Google Scholar
  2. Alderman, R. (1979, December). Place your bets.Toronto Star.Google Scholar
  3. Bacon, M., & Jones, M.B. (1968).Teen-Age drinking. New York: Thomas V. Crowell.Google Scholar
  4. Bandura, A. (1977).Social learning theory. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.Google Scholar
  5. Bolen, D.W., & Boyd, W.H. (1968). Gambling and the gambler. A review and preliminary findings.Archives of General Psychiatry, 18 617.Google Scholar
  6. Custer, R.L. (1982). An overview of compulsive gambling. In P.A. Carone, S.F. Yolles, S.N. Kieffer, & L.W. Krinsky, (Eds.),Addictice disorders update (pp. 107–124). New York: Human Sciences Press.Google Scholar
  7. Dell, L.J., Ruzicka, M.E., & Polisi, A.T. (1981). Personality and other factors associated with gambling addiction.The International Journal of Addiction, 16 149–156.Google Scholar
  8. Devereux, E.C. (1980).Gambling and the social structure: A sociological study of lotteries and horse racing in contemporary America. Vol. II. New York: Arno Press.Google Scholar
  9. Dubois, R. (1982, September). Les loteries au Québec.Protégez-vous. pp. 23–32.Google Scholar
  10. Forslund, M.S., & Gustafson, T.J. (1970). Influence of peers and parents and sex differences in drinking by high school students.Quarterly Journal of Studies of Alcohol, 31 868–875.Google Scholar
  11. Fort, J. (1969).The pleasure seekers: The drug crisis, youth, and society. New York: The Bobbs-Merrill.Google Scholar
  12. Frey, J.H., & Eadington, W.R. (1984).The annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science. Gambling: Views from the social sciences. Beverly Hills: Sage Publications.Google Scholar
  13. Gallup, G. (1950). Gambling, betting popular pastime with 57% in U.S. Princeton, NJ: American Institute of Public Opinion.Google Scholar
  14. Gallup, G. (1980, November 29). 78% des canadiens aiment parier.La Presse, Montréal.Google Scholar
  15. Goodwin, D.W., Johnson, J., Maher, C., Rappaport, A., & Guze, S.B. (1969). Why people do not drink: A study of teetotalers.Comprehensive Psychiatry, 10 209–214.Google Scholar
  16. Huff, G., & Collinson, F. (1985). Young offenders and gambling/video game playing.The Society for the Study of Gambling Newsletter, 7 6–8.Google Scholar
  17. Johnson, D. (1985, July 6). How Quebec milks lotteries for sure cash.The Gazette, Montréal.Google Scholar
  18. Kallick, M., Suits, D., Dielman, T., & Hybels, J. (1979).A survey of American gambling attitudes and behavior. Survey Research Center, Institute for Social Research. The University of Michigan.Google Scholar
  19. Kaplan, H.R. (1984). The social and economic impact of state lotteries. In J.H. Frey & W.R. Eadington, (Eds.),The annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science. Gambling: Views from the social sciences (pp. 91–106). Beverly Hills: Sage Publications.Google Scholar
  20. Ladouceur, R., & Mayrand, M. (1979).Rapport Bertrand. La Dimension Psychologique. Société des Loteries et Courses du Québec.Google Scholar
  21. Lesieur, H.R., & Klein, R. (1987). Pathological gambling among high school students.Addictive Behaviors, 12 129–135.Google Scholar
  22. Livingston, J. (1974).Compulsive gamblers: Observations on action and abstinence. New York: Harper & Row.Google Scholar
  23. Lorenz, V.C. (1983). An annotated bibliography on pathological gambling, with a profile of gambling behavior of students for the University of Nevada at Las Vegas and Georgia State University in Atlanta. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Pennsylvania.Dissertation Abstracts International, 44(3).Google Scholar
  24. Martinez, T. (1976). Compulsive gambling and the conscious mood perspective: Interdisciplinary studies on the subject of gambling. In W.R. Eadington, (Ed.),Gambling and society (pp. 347–370). Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas Publications.Google Scholar
  25. McCormick, R.A., Russo, A.M., Ramirez, L.F., & Taber, J.I. (1984). Affective disorders among pathological gamblers seeking treatment.American Journal of Psychiatry, 141 215–218.Google Scholar
  26. Moran, E. (1970). Gambling as a form of dependency.British Journal of Addictions, 64 419–428.Google Scholar
  27. Olivier, A., & Gagnon, C. (1984).Etude de la pénétration des loteries dans le marché montréalais: “Pénétration VIII.” Montreal: Multi-Reso Inc.Google Scholar
  28. Schwaneberg, R. (1981, April). Resort aide tells of casino lure for underage teens.The Star Ledger, p.4.Google Scholar
  29. Skolnick, J.H. (1979). The social risks of casino gambling.Psychology Today, 7 52–64.Google Scholar
  30. Smart, R.G., & Fejer, D. (1972). Drug use among adolescents and their parents: Closing the generation gap in mood-modification.Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 79 153–160.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Human Sciences Press 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert Ladouceur
    • 1
  • Chantal Mireault
  1. 1.École de PsychologieUniversité LavalQuébecCanada

Personalised recommendations