Risk-taking behavior in gamblers and non-gamblers during prolonged exposure
Most comparisons between personality traits of gamblers and non-gamblers have yielded no significant differences (Kusyszyn & Rutter, 1985). But from a behavioral standpoint, gamblers have consistently placed heavier monetary bets than non-gamblers. Furthermore, past researchers have clearly shown that the level of risk-taking behavior increased as a function of the number of trials (Ladouceur, Tourigny, & Mayrand, in press). The present research compared the level of risk-taking behavior of gamblers and non-gamblers during prolonged exposure to American roulette (four sessions of 50 trials each). Subjects of each group (N=8) were matched on sex, age and academic level. Risk behavior was operationally defined as 1. Total amount of money bet at each trial; 2. types of bets; and 3. monetary risk coefficient. The statistical analysis of the results showed that the monetary risk coefficient was greater for the gamblers than the non-gamblers. Furthermore, for the three dependent variables, risk level increased as a function of the number of sessions and of trials. The overall results confirmed that exposure to gambling activities increased the level of monetary risk-taking behavior in gamblers and non-gamblers.
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Anderson, G. & Brown, R. I. F. (1984). Real and laboratory gambling, sensation seeking and arousal.British Journal of Psychology, 75 401–410.Google Scholar
- Blascovich, J., Veach, T. L., & Ginsburg, G. P. (1973). Black jack and the risky shift.Sociometry, 36 42–45.Google Scholar
- Custer, R. L. (1982). An overview of compulsive gambling. In P. A. Carone, S. F. Yolles, & S. N. Keiffer (Eds.),Addictive Disorders Update. New York: Human Science Press.Google Scholar
- Frey, J. & Eadington, W. R. (1984).Gambling: Views From the Social Sciences. Beverly Hills: Sage.Google Scholar
- Kusyszyn, I. & Kallai, C. (1985). The gambling person: Healthy or sick? Paper presented at the Second National Conference on Gambling and Risk Taking, Nevada.Google Scholar
- Kusyszyn, I. & Rutter, R. (1985). Personality characteristics of heavy gamblers, light gamblers, non-gamblers, and lottery players.Journal of Gambling Behavior, 1 59–63.Google Scholar
- Ladouceur, R. & Mayrand, M. (1986). The level of involvement and the timing of betting in gambling. Paper submitted for publication.Google Scholar
- Ladouceur, R. & Mayrand, M. (in press). Caractéristiques psychologiques de la prise de risque monétaire des joueurs et des non joueurs à la roulette.International Journal of Psychology.Google Scholar
- Ladouceur, R., Tourigny, M.; & Mayrand, M. (in press). Familiarity, group exposure, and risk-taking behavior in gambling.Journal of Psychology.Google Scholar
- Leary, K. & Dickerson, M. (1985). Levels of arousal in high- and low-frequency gamblers.Behavior Research and Therapy, 23 635–640.Google Scholar
- Letarte, A., Ladouceur, R., & Mayrand, M. (1986). Primary and secondary illusory control and risk-taking in gambling (roulette).Psychological Reports, 58 299–302.Google Scholar
- Peck, C. P. (1986). A public mental health issue: Risk-taking behavior and compulsive gambling.American Psychologist, 41 461–465.Google Scholar