Oecologia

, Volume 68, Issue 3, pp 347–349

An “aquatic” millipede from a Central Amazonian inundation forest

  • Joachim Adis
Original Papers

Summary

Advanced juvenile stages and subadults ofGonographis adisi (Pyrgodesmidae, Diplopoda) pass annual flooding periods of 5–6 months under loose bark of submerged tree trunks in a black-water inundation forest near Manaus. Animals graze on algae and show cutaneous respiration, with an uptake of dissolved oxygen greater than 10 μl/mg dry weight/h. Some subadults become adults during the following non-inundation period and reproduce. Most of their progeny reach the subadult stage before the next inundation period and undergo flooding along with the remaining subadults from the preceding generation. Maximum flood tolerance of immatures in the laboratory was 11 months. Adults do not withstand inundation.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Adis J (1981) Comparative ecological studies of the terrestrial arthropod fauna in Central Amazonian Inundation-Forests. Amazoniana 7:87–173Google Scholar
  2. Adis J (1982) Eco-entomological observations from the Amazon: II. Carabids are adapted to inundation-forests. Coleopt Bull 36:440–441Google Scholar
  3. Adis J (1984) ‘Seasonal igapó’-forests of Central Amazonian blackwater rivers and their terrestrial arthropod fauna. In: Sioli H (ed) The Amazon — Limnology and landscape ecology of a mighty tropical river and its basin, Junk Publ Dordrecht pp 245–268Google Scholar
  4. Adis J, Mahnert V (1985) On the natural history and ecology of Pseudoscorpiones (Arachnida) from an Amazonian black-water inundation forest. Amazoniana 9 (in press)Google Scholar
  5. Adis J, Scheller U (1984) On the natural history and ecoogy ofHanseniella arborea Scheller (Myriapoda, Symphyla, Scutigerellidae), a migrating symphylan from an Amazonian black-water inundation forest. Pedobiologia 27:35–41Google Scholar
  6. Adis J, Schubart HOR (1984) Ecological research on arthropods in Central Amazonian Forest ecosystems with recommendations for study procedures. In: Cooley J, Golley FB (eds) Trends in ecological research for the 1980's. NATO Conference Series, Series I: Ecology, Plenum Press, New York, London, pp 111–144Google Scholar
  7. Adis J, Paarmann W, Erwin TL (1985) On the natural history and ecology of small terrestrial ground-beetles (Col.: Bembidiini: Tachyina:Polyderis) from an Amazonian black-water inundation forest. In: Weber F (ed) Carabid beetles, their adaptations, dynamics and evolution. G Fischer Stuttgart, New York (in press)Google Scholar
  8. Beck L (1969) Zum jahreszeitlichen Massenwechsel zweier Oribatidenarten (Acari) im neotropischen Überschwemmungswald. Verh Dtsch Zool Ges Innsbruck 1968:535–540Google Scholar
  9. Beck L (1976) Zum Massenwechsel der Makro-Arthropodenfauna des Bodens in Überschwemmungswäldern des zentralen Amazonasgebietes. Amazoniana 6:1–20Google Scholar
  10. Causard M (1903) Recherches sur la respiration branchiale chez les Myriapodes Diplopodes. Bull Sci Fr Belg 37:461–479Google Scholar
  11. Erwin TL (1983) Beetles and other insects of tropical forest canopies at Manaus, Brazil, by insecticidal fogging. In: Sutton SL, Whitmore TC, Chadwick AC (eds) Tropical rain forest: Ecology and management. Proc Trop Rain Forest Symp Leeds 1982, Blackwell Scient Publ, Oxford, pp 59–75Google Scholar
  12. Erwin TL, Adis J (1982) Amazonian inundation forests, their role as short-term refuges and generators of species richness and taxon pulses. In: Prance GT (ed) Biological diversification in the tropics. Proc V Int Symp Assoc Trop Biol. Columbia University Press New York, pp 358–371Google Scholar
  13. Friebe B, Adis J (1983) Entwicklungszyklen von Opiliones (Arachnida) im Schwarzwasser-Überschwemmungswald (Igapó) des Rio Tarumã Mirím (Zentralamazonien, Brasilien). Amazoniana 8:101–110Google Scholar
  14. Hoffman RL (1977/78) Diplopoda from Papuan caves (Zoological results of the British speleological expedition to Papua-New Guinea, 1975, 4). Int J Speleol 9:281–307Google Scholar
  15. Hoffman RL (1985) A new millipede of the genusGonographis from an inundation forest near Manaus, Brazil (Pyrgodesmidae). Amazoniana 9:243–246Google Scholar
  16. Irmler U (1979) Abundance fluctuations on habitat changes of soil beetles in Central Amazonian inundation forests (Col.: Carabidae, Staphylinidae). Stud Neotrop Fauna Environ 14:1–16Google Scholar
  17. Irmler U, Furch K (1979) Production, energy and nutrient turnover of the cockroachEpilampra irmleri Rocha e Silva Aguiar in a Central Amazonian inundation forest. Amazoniana 6:497–520Google Scholar
  18. Junk W (1982) Amazonian floodplains: their ecology, present and potential use. Rev Hydrobiol Trop 15:285–301Google Scholar
  19. Kaestner A (1963) Lehrbuch der speziellen Zoologie. Teil I: Wirbellose, G Fischer Jena pp 981–1423Google Scholar
  20. Prance GT (1979) Notes on the vegetation of Amazonia, III. The terminology of Amazonian forest types subject to inundation. Brittonia 31:26–38Google Scholar
  21. Ribeiro M de NG, Adis J (1985) Local rainfall variability — a potential bias for bioecological studies in the Central Amazon. Acta Amazonica (in press)Google Scholar
  22. Scheller U, Adis J (1984) A new species ofRibautiella (Myriapoda, Symphyla, Scolopendrellidae) from an Amazonian black-water inundation forest and notes on its natural history and ecology. Amazoniana 8:299–310Google Scholar
  23. Schubart O (1934) Tausendfüssler oder Myriapoda I: Diplopoda. In: Dahl F (ed) Die Tierwelt Deutschlands und der angrenzenden Meeresteile nach ihren Merkmalen und nach ihrer Lebensweise, G Fischer, Jena 28. Teil, pp 1–318Google Scholar
  24. Smith DR, Adis J (1984) Notes on the systematic and natural history ofDielocerus fasciatus (Enderlein) and key to species of the genus (Hymenoptera: Argidae). Proc Entomol Soc Wash 86:720–721Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joachim Adis
    • 1
  1. 1.Tropical Ecology Working GroupMax-Planck-Institute for LimnologyPlönFRG

Personalised recommendations