Meteorology and Atmospheric Physics

, Volume 51, Issue 3–4, pp 239–258 | Cite as

Climate sensitivity studies of the Greenland ice sheet using satellite AVHRR, SMMR, SSM/I and in situ data

  • K. Steffen
  • W. Abdalati
  • J. Stroeve
Ice Sheets as Climate Indicators

Summary

The feasibility of using satellite data for climate research over the Greenland ice sheet is discussed. In particular, we demonstrate the usefulness of Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) Local Area Coverage (LAC) and Global Area Coverage (GAC) data for narrow-band albedo retrieval. Our study supports the use of lower resolution AVHRR (GAC) data for process studies over most of the Greenland ice sheet. Based on LAC data time series analysis, we can resolve relative albedo changes on the order of 2–5%. In addition, we examine Scanning Multichannel Microwave Radiometer (SMMR) and Special Sensor Microwave Imager (SSM/I) passive microwave data for snow typing and other signals of climatological significance. Based on relationships between in situ measurements and horizontally polarized 19 and 37 GHz observations, wet snow regions are identified. The wet snow regions increase in aerial percentage from 9% of the total ice surface in June to a maximum of 26% in August 1990. Furthermore, the relationship between brightness temperatures and accumulation rates in the northeastern part of Greenland is described. We found a consistent increase in accumulation rate for the northeastern part of the ice sheet from 1981 to 1986.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Ambach, W., Kuhn, M., 1985: The shift of equilibrium line altitude on the Greenland Ice Sheet following climatic changes. In: Meier, M. et al. (eds.)Glaciers, Ice Sheets, and Sea Level: Effects on CO 2-Induced Climatic Change. U.S. Dept. of Energy. Washington, D.C., 255–257.Google Scholar
  2. Baldwin, D., Emery, W. J., 1993: A systematic approach to AVHRR image navigation.Annals of Glaciology,17 (in press).Google Scholar
  3. Budyko, M. T., 1974:Climate and Life. New York, London: Academic Press.Google Scholar
  4. Chapman, W. L., Walsh, J. E., 1993: Recent variations of sea ice and air temperature in high latidues.Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc.,74(1), 33–47.Google Scholar
  5. Dickinson, R. E., Meehl, G. A., Washington, W. M., 1987: Ice-albedo feedback in a CO2-doubling simulation.Climate Change,10, 241–248.Google Scholar
  6. Haefliger, M., Steffen, K., Fowler, C., 1993: AVHRR surface temperature and narrow-band albedo comparison with ground measurements for the Greenland ice sheet.Annals of Glaciology,17 (in press).Google Scholar
  7. Jezek, K. C., Merry, C., Cavalieri, D., Grace, S., Bedner, J., Wilson, D., Lampkin, D., 1991: Comparison between SMMR and SSM/I passive microwave data collected over the Antarctic ice sheet. Byrd Polar Research Center Technical Report No. 91-03, The Ohio State University, Columbus.Google Scholar
  8. Kidwell, K. B., 1991: NOAA Polar Orbiter Data Users Guide. NOAA Information Service and Climate Data Center, Satellite Data Service Division, Washington D.C.Google Scholar
  9. Koepke, P., 1989: Removal of atmospheric effects from AVHRR albedos.J. Appl. Meteor.,28, 1341–1348.Google Scholar
  10. Lindsay, R., Rothrock, D., 1993: The calculation of surface temperature and albedo of Arctic sea ice from AVHRR.Annals Glaciolo.,17 (in press).Google Scholar
  11. Manabe, S., Spelman, M. J., Stouffer, R. J., 1992: Transient responses of a coupled ocean-atmosphere model to gradual changes of atmospheric CO2. Part II: Seasonal response.J. Climate,5, 105–126.Google Scholar
  12. Mätzler, C. H., Huppi, R., 1989: Review of signature studies for microwave remote sensing of snowpacks.Adv. Space Research,9(1), 253–265.Google Scholar
  13. Ohmura, A., 1987: New temperature distribution maps for Greenland.Zeitschrift fur Gletscherkunde and Glaziologie,23(1), 1–45Google Scholar
  14. Ohmura, A., Reeh, N., 1991: New precipitation and accumulation maps for Greenland.J. Glaciol.,37(125), 140–148.Google Scholar
  15. Ohmura, A., Steffen, K., Blatter, H., Greuell, W. G., Rotach, M., Konzelmann, T., Laternser, M., Ouchi, A., Steiger, D., 1991: Progress Report I: Energy and mass balance during melt season at the equilibrium line altitude, Paakitsoq, Greenland ice sheet. Dept. of Geography ETH-Zurich, Switzerland.Google Scholar
  16. Ohmura, A., Steffen, K., Blatter, H., Greuell, W. G., Rotach, M., Stober, M., Konzelmann, T., Forrer, J., Ouchi, A., Steiger, D., Niederbaumer, G., 1992: Progress Report II: Energy and mass balance during melt season at the equilibrium line altitude, Paakitsoq, Greenland ice sheet. Dept. of Geography, ETH-Zurich, Switzerland.Google Scholar
  17. Royer, A., O'Neill, N. T., Davis, A., Hubert, L., 1988: Comparison of radiative transfer models used to determine atmospheric optical parameters from space.Pro. SPIE,928, 118–135.Google Scholar
  18. Steffen, K., 1985: Warm Water cells in the North water, northern Baffin Bay during winter.J. Geophys. Res. 90(C5), 9129–9136.Google Scholar
  19. Steffen, K., Bindschadler, R., Comiso, J., Eppler, D., Fetterer, F., Hawkins, J., Key, J., Rothrock, D., Thomas, R., Weaver, R., 1993: Snow and ice applications of AVHRR in polar regions.Annals of Glaciology,17 (in press).Google Scholar
  20. Seligman, G., 1980:Snow Structure and Ski Fields. Cambridge: Foister & Jagg LTD.Google Scholar
  21. Srivastav, S. K., Singh, R. P. 1991: Microwave radiometry of snow covered terrains.J. Remote Sens. 12(10), 2117–2131.Google Scholar
  22. Tanre, D., Deroo, C., Duhaut, P., 1990: Description of a computer code to simulate the satellite signal in the solar spectrum: the 5S code.Int. J. Remote. Sens.,11, 659–688.Google Scholar
  23. Teillet, P. M., 1992: An algorithm for the radiometric and atmospheric correction of AVHRR data in the solar reflective channels.Rem. Sens. Environ.,41, 185–195.Google Scholar
  24. Ulaby, F. T., Moore, R. K., Fung, A. K., 1986:Microwave Remote Sensing: Active and Passive, Vol. III. Norwood: Artech House.Google Scholar
  25. Williams, R. S., Hall, D. K., Benson, C., 1991: Analysis of glacier facies using satellite techniques.J. Glaciology,37(125), 120–128.Google Scholar
  26. Zwally, J., 1977: Microwave emissivity and accumulation rate of polar firn.J. Glaciology,18(79), 195–216.Google Scholar
  27. Zwally, J., 1989: Growth of Greenland ice sheet: Interpretation.Science,246, 1589–1591.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. Steffen
    • 1
  • W. Abdalati
    • 1
  • J. Stroeve
    • 1
  1. 1.Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental SciencesUniversity of ColoradoBoulderUSA

Personalised recommendations