Journal of Applied Electrochemistry

, Volume 22, Issue 3, pp 247–254 | Cite as

Corrosion behaviour of electrogalvanized steel in sodium chloride and ammonium sulphate solutions; a study by E.I.S.

  • L. Fedrizzi
  • L. Ciaghi
  • P. L. Bonora
  • R. Fratesi
  • G. Roventi
Papers

Abstract

Zinc and zinc-nickel (13% Ni) electrodeposits were passivated by dipping in chromate baths and characterized by scanning electron microscopy. The corrosion behaviour was studied using a.c. electrochemical techniques; electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) measurements were performed at open circuit and under galvanostatic control during the 24 h immersion time. In sodium chloride solution the zinc-nickel electrodeposits show a better corrosion resistance compared to the pure zinc coatings. During the immersion time, a surface nickel enrichment was observed which, together with the zinc corrosion products, acts as a barrier layer reducing the total corrosion rate. In the same solution the passivation treatment improves the corrosion resistance of the electrodeposits; nevertheless, on zinc substrates, the protection exerted by the chromate film is not, always effective during the immersion time. On the contrary the chromate coating on zinc-nickel substrates induces a remarkable and durable improvement of the corrosion resistance reducing the zinc dissolution almost completely. In the ammonium sulphate solution, the corrosion mechanism is significantly influenced by hydrogen reduction on the zinc-nickel surfaces, and by the production of a local surface acidity which is aggressive for the chromate coatings.

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Copyright information

© Chapman & Hall 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • L. Fedrizzi
    • 1
  • L. Ciaghi
    • 1
  • P. L. Bonora
    • 1
  • R. Fratesi
    • 2
  • G. Roventi
    • 2
  1. 1.Dipartimento di Ingegneria dei MaterialiUniversità di TrentoTrentoItaly
  2. 2.Dipartimento di Scienze dei Materiali e della TerraUniversità di AnconaAnconaItaly

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