Advertisement

Meteorology and Atmospheric Physics

, Volume 46, Issue 3–4, pp 181–184 | Cite as

Greenhouse warming may moderate British storminess

  • R. C. BallingJr.
  • R. S. Cerveny
  • T. A. Miller
  • S. B. Idso
Article

Summary

An analysis of data pertaining to the period 1861–1986 reveals that (1) a 1 °C rise in the mean annual air temperature of the British Isles has historically been associated with a 35% drop in the percentage of days that the United Kingdom has experienced cyclonic flow, and (2) a 2 °C increase in the mean annual air temperature over the sea to the north has typically been matched by a 60% drop in the percentage of days that the isles have experienced cyclonic flow originating from that source region. These findings raise significant questions about the oft-reported claim that CO2-induced global warming will lead to an increase in world storminess.

Keywords

Climate Change Waste Water Water Management Water Pollution Global Warming 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Agee, E. M., 1991: Trends in cyclone and anticyclone frequency and comparison with periods of warming and cooling over the Northern Hemisphere.J. Climate,4, 263–267.Google Scholar
  2. AMS Council, UCAR Board of Trustees, 1988: The changing atmosphere — challenges and opportunities.Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc.,69, 1434–1440.Google Scholar
  3. Anthes, R. A., 1982:Tropical Cyclones, Their Evolution, Structure and Effects. Boston, MA: Amer. Meteorol. Soc., 298 pp.Google Scholar
  4. Briffa, K. R., Jones, P. D., Kelly, P. M., 1990: Principal component analysis of the lamb catalogue of daily weather types: Part 2, seasonal frequencies and update to 1987.Internal. J. Climatol,10, 549–563.Google Scholar
  5. Emanuel, K. A., 1987: The dependence of hurricane intensity on climate.Nature,326, 483–485.Google Scholar
  6. Gribbin, J., 1990: Did the greenhouse effect cause the storm?New Sci.,125 (1702), 25.Google Scholar
  7. Houghton, J. T., Jenkins, G. J., Ephraums, J. S. (eds.), 1990:Climate Change: The IPCC Scientific Assessment Cambridge, UK: Cambridge Univ. Press, 365 pp.Google Scholar
  8. Idso, S. B., 1989:Carbon Dioxide and Global Change: Earth in Transition. Tempe, AZ: IBR Press, 292 pp.Google Scholar
  9. Idso, S. B., Balling, R. C., Jr., Cerveny, R. S., 1990: Carbon dioxide and hurricanes: Implications of Northern Hemispheric warming for Atlantic/Caribbean storms.Meteorol. Atmos. Phys.,42, 259–263.Google Scholar
  10. Jones, P. D., Kelly, P. M., 1982: Principal component analysis of the lamb catalogue of daily weather types: Part 1, annual frequencies.J. Climatol.,2, 147–157.Google Scholar
  11. Jones, P. D., Wigley, T. M. L., Wright, P. B., 1986: Global temperature variations between 1861 and 1984.Nature,322, 430–434.Google Scholar
  12. Lamb, H. H., 1972: British Isles weather types and a register of the daily sequence of circulation patterns, 1861–1971.Geophysical Memoir 116. London: HMSO, 85 pp.Google Scholar
  13. Maddox, J., 1990: Two gales do not make a greenhouse.Nature,343, 407.Google Scholar
  14. Mitchell, J. F. B., Wilson, C. A., Cunnington, W. M., 1987: On CO2 climate sensitivity and model dependence of results.Quart. J. Roy. Meteorol. Soc.,113, 293–322.Google Scholar
  15. Schlesinger, M. E., Mitchell, J. F. B., 1987: Climate model simulations of the equilibrium climate response to increased carbon dioxide.Rev. Geophys.,25, 760–798.Google Scholar
  16. Schneider, S. H., 1991: Dealing with the greenhouse effect.Good Housekeeping, April 1991, 78–79.Google Scholar
  17. Sellers, W. D., Liu, W., 1988: Temperature patterns and trends in the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere.J. Climate,1, 573–581.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. C. BallingJr.
    • 1
  • R. S. Cerveny
    • 1
  • T. A. Miller
    • 1
  • S. B. Idso
    • 1
  1. 1.Office of Climatology and Department of GeographyArizona State UniversityTempeUSA

Personalised recommendations