Production of rosmarinic acid in high density perfusion cultures ofAnchusa officinalis using a high sugar medium
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The most direct approach to enhancing the volumetric yield of secondary metabolites in plant tissue cultures is to operate the culture under high cell density. In this study, a cell suspension ofAnchusa officinalis was cultivated using a semi-continuous perfusion technique, i.e. batch cultivation with intermittent medium exchange. Using a perfusion medium containing sucrose concentration which was two times that in the normal growth medium, the final cell density and the final product concentration were increased by more than 2-fold compared with a batch culture without medium exchange. The high cell density obtained from the semi-continuous perfusion culture can be explained by the prevention of nutrient depletion, removal of toxic by-products, as well as the control of cell size by virtue of the high sugar medium osmolarity.
KeywordsMedium Exchange Sucrose Concentration High Cell Density Plant Tissue Culture Rosmarinic Acid
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