Journal of Gambling Studies

, Volume 9, Issue 4, pp 341–352 | Cite as

Family environment and length of recovery for married male members of Gamblers Anonymous and female members of GamAnon

  • Joseph W. Ciarrocchi
  • Duane F. Reinert
Articles

Abstract

Family environments of married male members of Gamblers Anonymous (GA) and married female members of GamAnon were measured with the Family Environment Scale (FES), a measure of 10 characteristics of family life. The total sample of 86 included 50 male GA and 36 female GamAnon members. GA and GamAnon groups did not differ from each other. However, the short-term GA group reported greater dissatisfaction than controls on five personal growth dimensions. The long-term GA group reported less Conflict than controls. Both short-term and long-term GamAnon groups reported less satisfaction than normal controls on personal growth dimensions. A composite measure of social support demonstrated improvement with duration of abstinence for gamblers but not for spouses. Results suggest improvement in family environment for male pathological gamblers with length of gambling abstinence but less improvement for wives.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Ahrons, S. (1989).A comparison of the family environments and psychological distress of married pathological gamblers, alcoholics, psychiatric patients and their spouses with normal controls. Unpublished doctoral dissertation. University of Maryland, College Park.Google Scholar
  2. Bandura, A. (1986).Social foundations of thought and action: A social cognitive theory. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.Google Scholar
  3. Barlow, D.H. (1988).Anxiety and its disorders: The nature and treatment of anxiety and panic. New York: Guilford.Google Scholar
  4. Billings, A.G., & Moos, R.H. (1985). Life Stressors and social resources affect posttreatment outcomes among depressed patients.Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 94, 140–153.Google Scholar
  5. Boyd, W., & Bolen, D.W. (1970). The compulsive gambler and spouse in group psychotherapy.International Journal of Group Psychotherapy, 20, 77–90.Google Scholar
  6. Brown, R.I.F. (1986). Dropouts and continuers in Gamblers Anonymous: Life-context and other factors.Journal of Gambling Behavior, 2, 130–140.Google Scholar
  7. Ciarrocchi, J.W. (1993). Pathological gambling and pastoral counseling. In R.J. Wicks, R.D. Parsons & D.E. Capps (Eds.),Clinical handbook of Pastoral Counseling. Volume 2. New York: Paulist Press.Google Scholar
  8. Ciarrocchi, J., & Hohmann, A.A. (1989). The family environment of married male pathological gamblers, alcoholics, and dually addicted gamblers.Journal of Gambling Behavior, 5, 283–291.Google Scholar
  9. Darvas, S. (October, 1981).The spouse in treatment: Or, there is a woman (or women) behind every pathological gambler. Paper presented at the Fifth Annual National Conference on Gambling and Risk-Taking, Reno, NV.Google Scholar
  10. Holahan, C.H., & Moos, R.H. (1981). Social support and psychological distress: A longitudinal analysis.Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 90, 365–370.Google Scholar
  11. Kurtz, E. (1979).Not-God: A history of Alcoholics Anonymous. Center City, MN: Hazelden Educational Services.Google Scholar
  12. Lesieur, H. (1984).The chase. Cambridge, MA: Schenkman Books.Google Scholar
  13. Lesieur, H.R., & Rothschild, J. (1989). Children of Gamblers Anonymous members.Journal of Gambling Behavior, 5, 269–282.Google Scholar
  14. Lorenz, V.C., & Yaffee, R.A. (1986). Pathological gambling: Psychosomatic, emotional and marital difficulties as reported by the gambler.Journal of Gambling Behavior, 2, 40–49.Google Scholar
  15. Lorenz, V.C., & Yaffee, R.A. (1988). Pathological gambling: Psychosomatic, emotional and marital difficulties as reported by the spouse.Journal of Gambling Behavior, 4, 13–26.Google Scholar
  16. Lorenz, V.C., & Yaffee, R.A. (1989). Pathological gamblers and their spouses: Problems in interaction.Journal of Gambling Behavior, 5, 113–126.Google Scholar
  17. McCormick, A., & Brown, R.I.F. (1988). Gamblers Anonymous as medicine, as religion and as addiction recovery process. In W.R. Eadington (Ed.),Gambling research: Proceedings of the Seventh International Conference on Gambling and Risk Taking (pp. 344–364). Reno, NV: University of Nevada-Reno.Google Scholar
  18. Moos, R.H., & Moos, B.S. (1981).Family Environment Scale manual. Palo Alto, CA: Consulting Psychologists Press.Google Scholar
  19. Moos, R.H., & Moos, B.S. (1984). The process of recovery from alcoholism: III. Comparing functioning in families of alcoholics and matched control families.Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 45, 111–118.Google Scholar
  20. Tepperman, J.H. (1985). The effectiveness of short-term group therapy upon the pathological gambler and wife.Journal of Gambling Behavior, 1, 119–130.Google Scholar
  21. Wildman II, R.W. (1989). Pathological gambling: Marital-familial factors, implications and treatment.Journal of Gambling Behavior, 3, 37–40.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Human Sciences Press, Inc. 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joseph W. Ciarrocchi
    • 1
  • Duane F. Reinert
    • 1
  1. 1.Pastoral Counseling DepartmentLoyola CollegeColumbia

Personalised recommendations