Advertisement

Journal of Gambling Studies

, Volume 6, Issue 2, pp 113–126 | Cite as

Addiction to fruit machines: A preliminary study among young males

  • Mark D. Griffiths
Articles

Abstract

Although most sources treat gambling as an adult phenomenon, adolescent gambling is more widespread than is generally recognized, and in some cases may even be pathological. This paper outlines a preliminary study of eight adolescents addicted to playing and gambling on coin-in-the-slot machines (more commonly known as ‘fruit machines’). Factors involved in the onset of fruit machine playing are examined along with their alternative gambling activities and associated problems. The role of ‘skill’ and ‘excitement’ components in persistent playing are also discussed.

Keywords

Young Male Gambling Activity Persistent Playing Machine Playing Adolescent Gambling 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Adkins, B.J. & Kreudelbach, N.G. (1988). The relationship of gaming preference to MMPI personality variables. In W.R. Eadington (Ed.),Gambling Research Proceedings of the Seventh International Conference on Gambling and Risk Taking, Vol. 5. Nevada: University of Nevada.Google Scholar
  2. American Psychiatric Association (1987).Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, (3rd Edition — Revised. Washington: Author.Google Scholar
  3. Anderson, C.A. & Ford, C.M. (1986). Affect of the game player: Short term effects of highly and mildly aggressive video games.Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 12, 390–403.Google Scholar
  4. Barham, R. & Cormell, M. (1987).Teenage use of amusement arcades in Bognor Regis. Bognor Regis: West Sussex Institute of Higher Education.Google Scholar
  5. Braun, C.M.J., Goupil, G., Giroux, J. & Chagnon, Y. (1986). Adolescents and microcomputers: Sex differences, proxemics, task and stimulus variables.Journal of Psychology, 120, 529–542.Google Scholar
  6. British Market Research Bureau (1986).Gambling: Mintel Leisure Intelligence. Vol. 14. London: Author.Google Scholar
  7. Cory, L.T. (1983). Pac-man as a playmate.Psychology Today, 17 (1), 58.Google Scholar
  8. Egli, E.A. & Meyers, L.S. (1984). The role of video game playing in adolescent life: Is there a reason to be concerned?Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society, 22, 309–312.Google Scholar
  9. Gibb, G.D., Bailey, J.R., Lambirth, T.T. & Wilson, W.P. (1983). Personality differences between high and low electronic video game users.Journal of Psychology, 114, 159–165.Google Scholar
  10. Griffiths, M.D. (1988a). Adolescent gambling.Society for the Study of Gambling Newsletter, 14, 12–16.Google Scholar
  11. Griffiths, M.D. (1988b, September).Adolescent gambling and the psychology of the fruit machine. Paper presented at the Cognitive Psychology Section Conference. British Psychological Society, Cambridge.Google Scholar
  12. Griffiths, M.D. (1989a). Gambling in children and adolescents.Journal of Gambling Behavior, 5, 66–83.Google Scholar
  13. Griffiths, M.D. (1989b). Young people and fruit machines.Society for the Study of Gambling Newsletter,15, in press.Google Scholar
  14. Home Office (1988).Amusement machines: Dependency and delinquency, Home Office Research Study No. 101, London: HMSO.Google Scholar
  15. Huff, G. & Collinson, F. (1987). Young offenders, gambling, and video game playing.British Journal of Criminology, 27, 401–410.Google Scholar
  16. Ide-Smith, S. & Lea, S.E.G. (1988). Gambling in young adolescents.Journal of Gambling Behavior, 4, 110–118.Google Scholar
  17. Kaplan, S.J. (1983). The image of amusement arcades and differences in male and female video game playing.Journal of Popular Culture, 11, 93–98.Google Scholar
  18. Kestenbaum, G.I. & Weinstein, L. (1985). Personality, psychopathology, and developmental issues in male adolescent video game use.Journal of the American Academy of Child Psychiatry, 24, 329–337.Google Scholar
  19. Ladouceur, R. & Mireault, M. (1988). Gambling behaviors among high school students in the Quebec area.Journal of Gambling Behavior, 4, 3–12.Google Scholar
  20. Langer, E.J. (1975). The illusion of control.Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 32, 311–328.Google Scholar
  21. Lesieur, H.R. (1988). The female pathological gambler. In W.R. Eadington (Ed.),Gambling Research Proceedings of the Seventh International Conference on Gambling and Risk Taking, Vol. 5, Nevada: University of Nevada.Google Scholar
  22. Lesieur, H.R. & Klein, R. (1987). Pathological gambling among high school students.Addictive Behaviors, 12, 129–135.Google Scholar
  23. Loftus, G.R. & Loftus, E.F. (1983).Mind at play: The psychology of video games. New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar
  24. McClure, R.F. & Mears, F.G. (1984). Video game players: Personality characteristics and demographic variables.Psychological Reports, 55, 271–276.Google Scholar
  25. McClure, R.F. & Mears, F.G. (1986). Video game playing and psychopathology.Psychological Reports, 59, 59–62.Google Scholar
  26. Moran, E. (1987).Gambling among school children: The impact of the fruit machine. London: National Council on Gambling.Google Scholar
  27. National Housing and Town Planning Council (1988). The use of amusement arcades: A national survey. London: NHTPC.Google Scholar
  28. Soper, W.B. & Miller, M.J. (1983). Junk-time junkies: An emerging addiction among students.School Counsellor, 31, 40–43.Google Scholar
  29. Spectrum Children's Trust (1988).Slot machine playing by children: Results of a survey in Taunton and Minehead. London: SCT.Google Scholar
  30. Surrey, D. (1982). “It's like good training for life.”Natural History, 91, 71–83.Google Scholar
  31. Trinkaus, J.W. (1983). Arcade video games: An informal look.Psychological Reports, 52, 586.Google Scholar
  32. Waterman, J. & Atkin, K. (1985). Young people and fruit machines.Society for the Study of Gambling Newsletter, 7, 23–25.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Human Sciences Press 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mark D. Griffiths
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of Exeter, Washington Singer LaboratoriesExeterEngland

Personalised recommendations