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Journal of Chemical Ecology

, Volume 14, Issue 7, pp 1583–1596 | Cite as

Beneficial arthropod behavior mediated by airborne semiochemicals

III. Influence of age and experience on flight chamber responses ofMicroplitis demolitor wilkinson
  • F. Hérard
  • M. A. Keller
  • W. J. Lewis
  • J. H. Tumlinson
Article

Abstract

Heliothis zea (Boddie) larvae fed cowpea seedlings produced volatile semiochemicals to whichMicroplitis demolitor Wilkinson responded in a wind tunnel. However, mostM. demolitor females reared fromH. zea larvae fed an artificial diet were not responsive at emergence to the same volatile semiochemicals. A preflight contact with frass fromH. zea fed cowpea was needed to stimulate a response of sustained flight in a wind tunnel. The most consistent flight response was 7–10 days postemergence. Response resulting from both antennal and ovipositor contact with host frass during preflight stimulation was no better than from antennal contact alone. Chilling the parasitoid pupae rendered most of the emerging females unresponsive to volatile semiochemicals.

Key words

Microplitis demolitor Hymenoptera Braconidae Heliothis zea Lepidoptera Noctuidae Biological control artificial diet preflight behavior wind tunnels oviposition age chemosensory receptors chilling pupae 

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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • F. Hérard
    • 1
  • M. A. Keller
    • 2
  • W. J. Lewis
    • 2
    • 3
  • J. H. Tumlinson
    • 2
  1. 1.European Parasite LaboratoryUSDA, ARSBéhoustFrance
  2. 2.Insect Attractants, Behavior, and Basic Biology Research LaboratoryUSDA, ARSGainesville
  3. 3.Duty StationTifton

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