Journal of Chemical Ecology

, Volume 11, Issue 12, pp 1617–1629 | Cite as

Compared behavioral responses of maleDrosophila melanogaster (Canton S) to natural and synthetic aphrodisiacs

  • C. Antony
  • T. L. Davis
  • D. A. Carlson
  • J. -M. Pechine
  • J. -M. Jallon
Article

Abstract

Cuticular aphrodisiacs fromD. melanogaster females were further characterized and the male response specificity towards such natural and synthetic unsaturated hydrocarbons was investigated. The behavioral activity seems to be correlated with some chain-length requirement and double-bond position; at least one double bond in position 7 seems necessary. This position is more abundant among natural monoenes, and among dienes which also bear a second double bond in position 11, whatever the chain length. Bioassays of the synthetic (Z,Z)-7,11-heptacosadiene yielded a dose-response curve close to that of the natural mixture of heptacosadienes in which the 7–11 isomer is predominant. This female specific 7,11 heptacosadiene appears to be the most potent aphrodisiac for males of the species. Its threshold is lower than that of both 7,11-nonacosadiene and 7-pentacosene which might also play a role in sex and species recognition.

Key words

Drosophila melanogaster Diptera Drosophilidae aphrodisiac pheromone recognition pattern cuticular hydrocarbons heptacosadienes mass spectrometry 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Antony, C. andJallon, J.-M. 1982. The chemical basis for sex recognition inDrosophila melanogaster.J. Insect Physiol. 28:873–880.Google Scholar
  2. Butterworth, F.M. 1969. Lipids ofDrosophila: A newly detected lipid in the male.Science 163:1356–1357.Google Scholar
  3. Carlson, D.A., Doolittle, R.E., Beroza, M., Rogoff, W.W., andGretz, G. 1974. Muscalure and related compounds. I Response of house flies in olfactometer and pseudo-fly tests.J. Agric. Food. Chem. 22:194–197.Google Scholar
  4. Ehrman, L. 1978. Sexual behavior, pp. 127–180,in M. Ashburner & T.R.F. Wright, (eds.). The Genetics and Biology ofDrosophila, vol. 2b. Academic Press, New York.Google Scholar
  5. Hall, J.C. 1978. Courtship among males due to male sterile mutation inDrosophila melanogaster.Behav. Genet. 8:125–141.Google Scholar
  6. Howard, R.W., andBlomquist, G.J. 1982. Chemical ecology and biochemistry of insect hydrocarbons.Annu. Rev. Entomol. 27:149–172.Google Scholar
  7. Jallon, J.-M. 1984. A few chemical words exchanged by drosophiles during courtship.Behav. Genet. 14:441–478.Google Scholar
  8. Jallon, J.-M., andHotta, Y. 1979. Genetic and behavioral studies of female sex-appeal inDrosophila.Behav. Genet. 8:487–502.Google Scholar
  9. Jallon, J.-M., Antony, C., andBenamar, O. 1981. Un anti-aphrodisiaque produit par les mâles de Drosophile et transféré aux femelles lors de la copulation.C.R. Acad. Sci. Paris 292:1147–1149.Google Scholar
  10. Jallon, J.-M., Benamar, O., Luyten, I., andAntony, C. 1982. Modulations de la production des hydrocarbures cuticulaires aphrodisiaques des Drosophiles résultant de perturbations géné tiques et physiologiques.Colloq. INRA 7:297–302.Google Scholar
  11. Luyten, I. 1982. Variations intraspécifiques et interspécifiques des hydrocarbures cuticulaires chezDrosophila simulons.C.R. Acad. Sci. Paris 295:723–736.Google Scholar
  12. Luyten, I. 1983. Variations intra- et interspécifiques des hydrocarbures cuticulaires et des interactions comportementales chez quatre espèces affines du sous-groupe melanogaster. Thèse de spécialité, Université de Paris VII.Google Scholar
  13. Pechine, J.M., Perez, F., Antony, C., andJallon, J.-M. 1985. A further characterization ofDrosophila cuticular hydrocarbons using a simple method to localize double bonds.Anal. Biochem. 145:177–182.Google Scholar
  14. Tompkins, L., Hall, J.C., andHall, L. 1980. Courtship-stimulating volatile compounds from normal and mutantDrosophila.J. Insect Physiol. 26:689–697.Google Scholar
  15. Tompkins, L., Gross, A.C., Hall, J.C., Gailey, D.A., andSiegel, R.W. 1982. The role of female movement in the sexual behavior ofDrosophila melanogaster.Behav. Genet. 12:295–307.Google Scholar
  16. Venard, R., andJallon, J.-M. 1980. Evidence for an aphrodisiac pheromone of femaleDrosophila.Experientia 36:211–212.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. Antony
    • 1
  • T. L. Davis
    • 2
  • D. A. Carlson
    • 2
  • J. -M. Pechine
    • 3
  • J. -M. Jallon
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratoire de Biologie et Génétique Evolutives du CNRSGif-sur-YvetteFrance
  2. 2.Insects Affecting Man and Animals Research LaboratoryUSDA, A.R.S.Gainesville
  3. 3.Laboratoire de Chimie Structurale OrganiqueUniversité Paris-SudOrsayFrance

Personalised recommendations